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Dagestan facts for kids

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Republic of Dagestan
Республика Дагестан (Russian)
—  Republic  —


Coat of arms
Anthem: State Anthem of the Republic of Dagestan
Political status
Country Russia
Federal district North Caucasian
Economic region North Caucasus
Established January 20, 1921
Capital Makhachkala
Government (as of October 2017)
 • Head Vladimir Vasilyev (acting)
 • Legislature People's Assembly
Area (as of the 2002 Census)
 • Total 50,300 km2 (19,400 sq mi)
Area rank 52nd
Population (2010 Census)
 • Total 2,910,249
 • Rank 12th
 • Density 57.86/km2 (149.9/sq mi)
 • Urban 45.2%
 • Rural 54.8%
Time zone(s) MSK (UTC+04:00)
ISO 3166-2 RU-DA
License plates 05
Official languages Russian;  Aghul, Avar, Azerbaijani, Chechen, Dargwa, Kumyk, Lezgian, Lak, Nogai, Rutul, Tabasaran, Tat, Tsakhur
Official website:

Dagestan is a federal subject of the Russian Federation in the Caucasus region. The name comes from two Persian words, dag which means mountain, and stan which means land. Dagestan has a population of nearly 3 million, and its people are known as Dagestani. Its capital city is Makhachkala.


Dagestan has the status of "republic" in Russia and has its own constitution and official languages. Republics in Russia are the home of its ethnic minorities (those who are not Russians), and usually one or two nationalities have a majority of the population in each republic. But in Dagestan, there are over 30 different nationalities (the largest of which are the Avar, Lak, Dargwa, Lezgian, and Tabasaran), and none of these form a majority. This is because the mountains in the region make it hard for people to move around. These people speak 30 different languages, but use Russian as their lingua franca to communicate between each other.

Most people of Dagestan are Muslims and belong to the Shafi`i school of Sunni Islam.

Famous people

  • Imam Shamil
  • Shaykh Said afandi al-Chirkawi

Images for kids

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Daguestán para niños

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