Federal subjects of Russia facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts

The subjects of the Russian Federation (Russian: Субъекты Российской Федерации Subekty Rossiyskoy Federatsii) are the main administrative divisions in Russia. Since 18 March 2014, Russia is made up of 85 federal subjects. They are grouped into eight Federal Districts.

The federal subjects are divided into oblasts, republics, krais, autonomous okrugs, federal cities and autonomous oblasts. Republics are generally independent, each having its own constitution and legislature. They are meant to be home to a certain ethnic minority. The republics can also set their own official language.

Types

Federal subjects of Russia.

Each federal subject belongs to one of the following types:

Legend Description
     46 oblasts The most common type of federal subject with a governor and local government.
     22 republics Nominally autonomous, each has its own constitution and legislature; is represented by the federal government in international affairs; is meant to be home to a specific ethnic minority.
     9 krais The same as an oblast, but with a different name. The name "krai" is old.
     4 autonomous okrugs With a substantial or predominant ethnic minority.
     3 federal cities Major cities that have their own region.
     1 autonomous oblast The only autonomous oblast is the Jewish Autonomous Oblast.

List

Code Name Capital/Administrative centre Flag Coat
of arms
Type Federal district Economic region Area
(km2)
Population
Year
established
01 Adygea, Republic of Maykop Flag of Adygea.svg Coat of arms of Adygea.svg republic Southern North Caucasus 7,600 447,109 1922
02 Bashkortostan, Republic of Ufa Flag of Bashkortostan.svg Coat of Arms of Bashkortostan.svg republic Volga Ural 143,600 4,104,336 1919
03 Buryatia, Republic of Ulan-Ude Flag of Buryatia.svg Coat of Arms of Buryatiya.svg republic Far Eastern East Siberian 351,300 981,238 1923
04 Altai Republic Gorno-Altaysk Flag of Altai Republic.svg Coat of Arms of Altai Republic.svg republic Siberian West Siberian 92,600 202,947 1922
05 Dagestan, Republic of Makhachkala Flag of Dagestan.svg Coat of Arms of Dagestan.svg republic North Caucasian North Caucasus 50,300 2,576,531 1921
06 Ingushetia, Republic of Magas
(Largest city: Nazran)
Flag of Ingushetia.svg Coat of Arms of Ingushetia.svg republic North Caucasian North Caucasus 4,000 467,294 1992
07 Kabardino-Balkar Republic Nalchik Flag of Kabardino-Balkaria.svg Coat of Arms of Kabardino-Balkaria.svg republic North Caucasian North Caucasus 12,500 901,494 1936
08 Kalmykia, Republic of Elista Flag of Kalmykia.svg Coat of Arms of Kalmykia.svg republic Southern Volga 76,100 292,410 1957
09 Karachay-Cherkess Republic Cherkessk Flag of Karachay-Cherkessia.svg Coat of Arms of Karachay-Cherkessia.svg republic North Caucasian North Caucasus 14,100 439,470 1957
10 Karelia, Republic of Petrozavodsk Flag of Karelia.svg Coat of Arms of Republic of Karelia.svg republic Northwestern Northern 172,400 716,281 1956
11 Komi Republic Syktyvkar Flag of Komi.svg Coat of Arms of the Komi Republic.svg republic Northwestern Northern 415,900 1,018,674 1921
12 Mari El Republic Yoshkar-Ola Flag of Mari El.svg Coat of Arms of Mari El.svg republic Volga Volga-Vyatka 23,200 727,979 1920
13 Mordovia, Republic of Saransk Flag of Mordovia.svg Coat of Arms of Mordovia.svg republic Volga Volga-Vyatka 26,200 888,766 1930
14 Sakha (Yakutia) Republic Yakutsk Flag of Sakha.svg Coat of Arms of Sakha (Yakutia).svg republic Far Eastern Far Eastern 3,103,200 949,280 1922
15 North Ossetia-Alania, Republic of Vladikavkaz Flag of North Ossetia.svg Wapen Ossetien.svg republic North Caucasian North Caucasus 8,000 710,275 1924
16 Tatarstan, Republic of Kazan Flag of Tatarstan.svg Coat of Arms of Tatarstan.svg republic Volga Volga 68,000 3,779,265 1920
17 Tuva Republic Kyzyl Flag of Tuva.svg Coat of arms of Tuva.svg republic Siberian East Siberian 170,500 305,510 1944
18 Udmurt Republic Izhevsk Flag of Udmurtia.svg Coat of arms of Udmurtia.svg republic Volga Ural 42,100 1,570,316 1920
19 Khakassia, Republic of Abakan Flag of Khakassia.svg Coat of arms of Khakassia.svg republic Siberian East Siberian 61,900 546,072 1930
20 Chechen Republic Grozny Flag of the Chechen Republic.svg Coat of arms of Chechnya.svg republic North Caucasian North Caucasus 15,300 1,103,686 1991
21 Chuvash Republic Cheboksary Flag of Chuvashia.svg Coat of Arms of Chuvashia.svg republic Volga Volga-Vyatka 18,300 1,313,754 1920
22 Altai Krai Barnaul Flag of Altai Krai.svg Coat of Arms of Altai Krai.svg krai Siberian West Siberian 169,100 2,607,426 1937
23 Krasnodar Krai Krasnodar Flag of Krasnodar Krai.svg Coat of Arms of Krasnodar Kray.svg krai Southern North Caucasus 76,000 5,125,221 1937
24 Krasnoyarsk Krai Krasnoyarsk Flag of Krasnoyarsk Krai.svg Coat of arms of Krasnoyarsk Krai.svg krai Siberian East Siberian 2,339,700 2,966,042 1934
25 Primorsky Krai Vladivostok Flag of Primorsky Krai.svg Coat of arms of Primorsky Krai.svg krai Far Eastern Far Eastern 165,900 2,071,210 1938
26 Stavropol Krai Stavropol Flag of Stavropol Krai.svg Coat of arms of Stavropol Krai.svg krai North Caucasian North Caucasus 66,500 2,735,139 1934
27 Khabarovsk Krai Khabarovsk Flag of Khabarovsk Krai.svg Coat of Arms of Khabarovsky kray (N2).png krai Far Eastern Far Eastern 788,600 1,436,570 1938
28 Amur Oblast Blagoveshchensk Flag of Amur Oblast.svg Coat of Arms of Amur oblast.png oblast Far Eastern Far Eastern 363,700 902,844 1932
29 Arkhangelsk Oblast Arkhangelsk Flag of Arkhangelsk Oblast.svg Coat of Arms of Arkhangelsk oblast.svg oblast Northwestern Northern 587,400 1,336,539 1937
30 Astrakhan Oblast Astrakhan Flag of Astrakhan Oblast.svg Coat of Arms of Astrakhan Oblast.svg oblast Southern Volga 44,100 1,005,276 1943
31 Belgorod Oblast Belgorod Flag of Belgorod Oblast.svg New Coat of Arms of Belgorod Oblast.svg oblast Central Central Black Earth 27,100 1,511,620 1954
32 Bryansk Oblast Bryansk Flag of Bryansk Oblast.svg Coat of Arms of Bryansk Oblast.svg oblast Central Central 34,900 1,378,941 1944
33 Vladimir Oblast Vladimir Flag of Vladimirskaya Oblast.svg Coat of arms of Vladimiri Oblast.svg oblast Central Central 29,000 1,523,990 1944
34 Volgograd Oblast Volgograd Flag of Volgograd Oblast.svg Coat of Arms of Volgograd oblast.svg oblast Southern Volga 113,900 2,699,223 1937
35 Vologda Oblast Vologda
(Largest city: Cherepovets)
Flag of Vologda oblast.svg Coat of arms of Vologda oblast.svg oblast Northwestern Northern 145,700 1,269,568 1937
36 Voronezh Oblast Voronezh Flag of Voronezh Oblast.svg Coat of arms of Voronezh Oblast.svg oblast Central Central Black Earth 52,400 2,378,803 1934
37 Ivanovo Oblast Ivanovo Flag of Ivanovo Oblast.svg Coat of Arms of Ivanovo Oblast.svg oblast Central Central 21,800 1,148,329 1936
38 Irkutsk Oblast Irkutsk Flag of Irkutsk Oblast.svg Герб Иркутской области.svg oblast Siberian East Siberian 767,900 2,581,705 1937
39 Kaliningrad Oblast Kaliningrad Flag of Kaliningrad Oblast.svg Kaliningrad Oblast Coat of Arms 2006.svg oblast Northwestern Kaliningrad 15,100 955,281 1946
40 Kaluga Oblast Kaluga Flag of Kaluga Oblast.svg Coat of arms of Kaluga Oblast.svg oblast Central Central 29,900 1,041,641 1944
41 Kamchatka Krai Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky Flag of Kamchatka Krai.svg Coat of Arms of Kamchatka Krai.svg krai Far Eastern Far Eastern 472,300 358,801 2007
42 Kemerovo Oblast Kemerovo Flag of Kemerovo oblast.svg Coat of arms of Kemerovo Oblast.svg oblast Siberian West Siberian 95,500 2,899,142 1943
43 Kirov Oblast Kirov Flag of Kirov Region.svg Coat of arms of Kirov Region.svg oblast Volga Volga-Vyatka 120,800 1,503,529 1934
44 Kostroma Oblast Kostroma Flag of Kostroma Oblast.svg Coat of arms of Kostroma Oblast.svg oblast Central Central 60,100 736,641 1944
45 Kurgan Oblast Kurgan Flag of Kurgan Oblast.svg Coat of arms of Kurgan Oblast.svg oblast Ural Ural 71,000 1,019,532 1943
46 Kursk Oblast Kursk Flag of Kursk Oblast.svg Coat of Arms of Kursk oblast.svg oblast Central Central Black Earth 29,800 1,235,091 1934
47 Leningrad Oblast Largest city: Gatchina Flag of Leningrad Oblast.svg Coat of arms of Leningrad Oblast.svg oblast Northwestern Northwestern 84,500 1,669,205 1927
48 Lipetsk Oblast Lipetsk Flag of Lipetsk Oblast.svg Coat of Arms of Lipetsk oblast.svg oblast Central Central Black Earth 24,100 1,213,499 1954
49 Magadan Oblast Magadan Flag of Magadan Oblast.svg Coat of Arms of Magadan oblast.svg oblast Far Eastern Far Eastern 461,400 182,726 1953
50 Moscow Oblast Largest city: Balashikha Flag of Moscow oblast.svg Coat of Arms of Moscow oblast.svg oblast Central Central 44,300 6,618,538 1929
51 Murmansk Oblast Murmansk Flag of Murmansk Oblast.svg Герб Мурманской области.svg oblast Northwestern Northern 144,900 892,534 1938
52 Nizhny Novgorod Oblast Nizhny Novgorod Flag of Nizhny Novgorod Region.svg Coat of arms of Nizhny Novgorod Region.svg oblast Volga Volga-Vyatka 76,900 3,524,028 1936
53 Novgorod Oblast Veliky Novgorod Flag of Novgorod Oblast.svg Coat of arms of Novgorod Oblast.svg oblast Northwestern Northwestern 55,300 694,355 1944
54 Novosibirsk Oblast Novosibirsk Flag of Novosibirsk oblast.svg Coat of arms of Novosibirsk oblast.svg oblast Siberian West Siberian 178,200 2,692,251 1937
55 Omsk Oblast Omsk Flag of Omsk Oblast.svg Coat of arms of Omsk Oblast.svg oblast Siberian West Siberian 139,700 2,079,220 1934
56 Orenburg Oblast Orenburg Flag of Orenburg Oblast.svg Coat of arms of Orenburg Oblast.svg oblast Volga Ural 124,000 2,179,551 1934
57 Oryol Oblast Oryol Flag of Oryol Oblast.svg Coat of arms of Oryol Oblast (small).svg oblast Central Central 24,700 860,262 1937
58 Penza Oblast Penza Flag of Penza Oblast.svg Coat of arms of Penza Oblast.svg oblast Volga Volga 43,200 1,452,941 1939
59 Perm Krai Perm Flag of Perm Krai.svg Coat of Arms of Perm Krai.svg krai Volga Ural 160,600 2,819,421 2005
60 Pskov Oblast Pskov Flag of Pskov Oblast.svg Coat of arms of Pskov Oblast.svg oblast Northwestern Northwestern 55,300 760,810 1944
61 Rostov Oblast Rostov-on-Don Flag of Rostov Oblast.svg Coat of arms of Rostov Oblast.svg oblast Southern North Caucasus 100,800 4,404,013 1937
62 Ryazan Oblast Ryazan Flag of Ryazan Oblast.svg Coat of arms of Ryazan Oblast.svg oblast Central Central 39,600 1,227,910 1937
63 Samara Oblast Samara Flag of Samara Oblast.svg Coat of Arms of Samara oblast.png oblast Volga Volga 53,600 3,239,737 1928
64 Saratov Oblast Saratov Flag of Saratov Oblast.svg Coat of Arms of Saratov oblast.svg oblast Volga Volga 100,200 2,668,310 1936
65 Sakhalin Oblast Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk Flag of Sakhalin Oblast.svg Sakhalin Oblast Coat of Arms.svg oblast Far Eastern Far Eastern 87,100 546,695 1947
66 Sverdlovsk Oblast Yekaterinburg Flag of Sverdlovsk Oblast.svg Coat of Arms of Sverdlovsk oblast.svg oblast Ural Ural 194,800 4,486,214 1935
67 Smolensk Oblast Smolensk Flag of Smolensk oblast.svg Coat of arms of Smolensk oblast.svg oblast Central Central 49,800 1,049,574 1937
68 Tambov Oblast Tambov Flag of Tambov Oblast.svg Coat of arms of Tambov Oblast.svg oblast Central Central Black Earth 34,300 1,178,443 1937
69 Tver Oblast Tver Flag of Tver Oblast.svg Coat of Arms of Tver oblast.svg oblast Central Central 84,100 1,471,459 1935
70 Tomsk Oblast Tomsk Flag of Tomsk Oblast.svg Coat of arms of Tomsk Oblast, Russia.svg oblast Siberian West Siberian 316,900 1,046,039 1944
71 Tula Oblast Tula Flag of Tula Oblast.svg Coat of Arms of Tula oblast.png oblast Central Central 25,700 1,675,758 1937
72 Tyumen Oblast Tyumen Flag of Tyumen Oblast.svg Coat of Arms of Tyumen Oblast.svg oblast Ural West Siberian 143,520 3,264,841 1944
73 Ulyanovsk Oblast Ulyanovsk Флаг Ульяновской области (2013).svg Coat of Arms of Ulyanovsk Oblast.png oblast Volga Volga 37,300 1,382,811 1943
74 Chelyabinsk Oblast Chelyabinsk Flag of Chelyabinsk Oblast.svg Coat of arms of Chelyabinsk Oblast.svg oblast Ural Ural 87,900 3,603,339 1934
75 Zabaykalsky Krai Chita Flag of Zabaykalsky Krai.svg Coat of arms of Zabaykalsky Krai.svg krai Far Eastern East Siberian 431,500 1,155,346 2008
76 Yaroslavl Oblast Yaroslavl Flag of Yaroslavl Oblast.svg Coat of arms of Yaroslavl Oblast.svg oblast Central Central 36,400 1,367,398 1936
77 Moscow Flag of Moscow.svg Coat of Arms of Moscow.svg federal city Central Central 2,511 10,382,754
78 Saint Petersburg Flag of Saint Petersburg Russia.svg Coat of Arms of Saint Petersburg (2003).svg federal city Northwestern Northwestern 1,439 4,662,547
79 Jewish Autonomous Oblast Birobidzhan Flag of the Jewish Autonomous Oblast.svg Coat of arms of the Jewish Autonomous Oblast.svg autonomous oblast Far Eastern Far Eastern 36,000 190,915 1934
83 Nenets Autonomous Okrug Naryan-Mar Flag of Nenets Autonomous District.svg Coat of arms of Nenets Autonomous Okrug.svg autonomous okrug Northwestern Northern 176,700 41,546 1929
86 Khanty–Mansi Autonomous Okrug – Yugra Khanty-Mansiysk
(Largest city: Surgut)
Flag of Yugra.svg Coat of Arms of Yugra.svg autonomous okrug Ural West Siberian 523,100 1,432,817 1930
87 Chukotka Autonomous Okrug Anadyr Flag of Chukotka.svg Coat of Arms of Chukotka.svg autonomous okrug Far Eastern Far Eastern 737,700 53,824 1930
89 Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug Salekhard
(Largest city: Noyabrsk)
Flag of Yamal-Nenets Autonomous District.svg Coat of Arms of Yamal Nenetsia.svg autonomous okrug Ural West Siberian 750,300 507,006 1930
91 Republic of Crimea Simferopol Flag of Crimea.svg Emblem of Crimea.svg republic Southern North Caucasus 26,964 1,966,801 2014
92 Sevastopol Flag of Sevastopol.svg COA of Sevastopol.svg federal city Southern North Caucasus 864 379,200 2014

a. The largest city is also listed when it is different from the capital/administrative center.

b. According to Article 13 of the Charter of Leningrad Oblast, the governing bodies of the oblast are located in the city of St. Petersburg. However, St. Petersburg is not officially named to be the administrative center of the oblast.

c. According to Article 24 of the Charter of Moscow Oblast, the governing bodies of the oblast are located in the city of Moscow and throughout the territory of Moscow Oblast. However, Moscow is not officially named to be the administrative center of the oblast.

d. Not recognized internationally as a part of Russia.

e. In February 2000, the former code of 20 for the Chechen Republic was cancelled and replaced with code 95. License plate production was suspended due to the Chechen Wars, causing numerous issues, which in turn forced the region to use a new code.


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