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Kaliningrad (English)
Калининград (Russian)
Königsberg
-  City  -
Kaliningrad Montage (2016).png
Church of the Holy Family; Königsberg Cathedral; "Fishermen's village" in pseudo-historic style; Brandenburg Gate; King's Gate; Pregolya River
Coat of arms of Kaliningrad.svg
Flag of Kaliningrad.svg
Coat of arms
Flag
Anthem none
City Day 4 July; observed on the first Saturday of July
Administrative status
Country Russia
Federal subject Kaliningrad Oblast
Administratively subordinated to city of oblast significance of Kaliningrad
Municipal status
Urban okrug Kaliningrad Urban Okrug
Head Alexey Silanov
Representative body City Council of Deputies
Statistics
Area 223.03 km2 (86.11 sq mi)
Population (2010 Census,
preliminary)
431,402 inhabitants
Rank in 2010 40th
Population (January 2018 est.) 475,056 inhabitants
Density 1,934/km2 (5,009/sq mi)
Time zone USZ1 (UTC+03:00)
Founded 1 September 1255
Postal code(s) 236001 - 236999
Dialing code(s) +7 4012
Official website

Kaliningrad (Russian: Калинингра́д; Lithuanian: Karaliaučius; German: ; Polish: Królewiec; briefly Russified as Russian: Кёнигсберг Kyonigsberg) is a seaport and the administrative center of Kaliningrad Oblast, the Russian exclave between Poland and Lithuania on the Baltic Sea. Kaliningrad is the second-largest city in the Northwestern Federal District, after Saint Petersburg, the third-largest city in the Baltic region and the seventh-largest city on the Baltic Sea. It is the westernmost Oblast of Russia.

It is surrounded by NATO and European Union members Poland and Lithuania and is geographically separated from the main part of Russia itself. Borderless connection is only possible by sea or air.

In 2002, it had a population of 430,003 people. This was more than in 1989, when the last census was done. At that time, the city only had a population of 401,280. About 78% of the people there are Russians, 8% Belarusians, and 7.3% Ukrainians.

It was named Königsberg originally. It was the capital city of the German province of East Prussia, the earlier Duchy of Prussia, and before that of the Monastic State of the Teutonic Knights. The city had that name from 1254 to 1945. The people were mostly Germans but they were expelled and replaced during wars.

One of the famous people from Königsberg was the philosopher Immanuel Kant.


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