Elizabeth of Russia facts for kids

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Elizabeth
Elizabeth of Russia by V.Eriksen.jpg
Portrait painted by Vigilius Eriksen in 1757
Empress of Russia
Reign 6 December 1741 – 5 January 1762
Coronation 6 March 1742
Predecessor Ivan VI
Successor Peter III
Born (1709-12-29)29 December 1709
Kolomenskoye, Moscow, Tsardom of Russia
Died 5 January 1762(1762-01-05) (aged 52)
Winter Palace, Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire
Burial 3 February 1762
Peter and Paul Cathedral
Consort Alexey Razumovsky (suspected)
Full name
Elizaveta Petrovna
House Romanov
Father Peter I of Russia
Mother Catherine I of Russia
Religion Russian Orthodoxy
Signature

Elizabeth Petrovna (Russian: Елизаве́та (Елисаве́та) Петро́вна) (29 December [O.S. 18 December] 1709 – 5 January 1762 [O.S. 25 December 1761] ), also known as Yelisaveta or Elizaveta, was the Empress of Russia from 1741 until her death. She led the country during the two major European conflicts of her time: the War of Austrian Succession (1740–48) and the Seven Years' War (1756–63).

Her domestic policies allowed the nobles to gain dominance in local government while shortening their terms of service to the state. She encouraged Mikhail Lomonosov's establishment of the University of Moscow and Ivan Shuvalov's foundation of the Imperial Academy of Arts in Saint Petersburg. She also spent exorbitant sums of money on the grandiose baroque projects of her favourite architect, Bartolomeo Rastrelli, particularly in Peterhof and Tsarskoye Selo.

The Winter Palace and the Smolny Cathedral in Saint Petersburg are among the chief monuments of her reign.

She remains one of the most popular Russian monarchs due to her strong opposition to Prussian policies and her decision not to execute a single person during her reign.

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