Kaliningrad Oblast facts for kids
Quick facts for kidsKaliningrad Oblast
Калининградская область (Russian)
|— Oblast —|
|Established||April 7, 1946|
|Government (as of October 2016)|
|• Governor||Anton Alikhanov|
|• Legislature||Oblast Duma|
|Area (as of the 2002 Census)|
|• Total||15,100 km2 (5,800 sq mi)|
|Population (2010 Census)|
|• Density||62.38/km2 (161.6/sq mi)|
|Population (January 2019 est.)|
|Time zone(s)||USZ1 (UTC+03:00)|
|License plates||39, 91|
Kaliningrad Oblast (Russian: Калинингра́дская о́бласть, Kaliningradskaya oblast) is an exclave of Russia bordered by Poland, Lithuania and Baltic Sea. The capital of Kaliningrad Oblast is Kaliningrad, formerly Königsberg.
It is quite unusual, first because it is not attached to Russia. It is an exclave on the Baltic coast, with no land connection to the rest of Russia. It has a population of 941,873 (2010 Census). It has a continental climate (Dfb in the Koeppen climate classification).
Its territory was part of historical East Prussia (German: Nord-Ostpreussen), which was an exclave of Germany from 1919 until 1945. That year, it was occupied by the Soviet Union. The region was later annexed to the Soviet Union under border changes of the Potsdam Agreement, when it was attached to the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (RSFSR). Most of its German population were killed or fled west to West Germany during the last months of the war. The rest were expelled between 1944 and 1950. Russian settlers were moved in and the population is now mainly Russian. As of the 2010 census, only a small number of ethnic Germans remain; most of the several thousand who live in the oblast are recent immigrants from other parts of the former Soviet Union.
Images for kids
Local residents in Kaliningrad taking part in the "Immortal Regiment," carrying portraits of their ancestors who fought in World War II
The Latvian-speaking Kursenieki spit in 1649
The East Prussian resort town of Cranz (Zelenogradsk today) as it looked ca. 1900. It was a destination for German artists and intelligentsia.
Kaliningrad Oblast Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.