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Kaliningrad Oblast facts for kids

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Kaliningrad Oblast
Калининградская область (Russian)
—  Oblast  —

Flag

Coat of arms
Political status
Country Russia
Federal district Northwestern
Economic region Kaliningrad
Established April 7, 1946
Administrative center Kaliningrad
Government (as of October 2016)
 • Governor Anton Alikhanov
 • Legislature Oblast Duma
Statistics
Area (as of the 2002 Census)
 • Total 15,100 km2 (5,800 sq mi)
Area rank 76th
Population (2010 Census)
 • Total 941,873
 • Rank 56th
 • Density 62.38/km2 (161.6/sq mi)
 • Urban 77.6%
 • Rural 22.4%
Population (January 2019 est.)
 • Total 1,002,114
Time zone(s) USZ1 (UTC+03:00)
ISO 3166-2 RU-KGD
License plates 39, 91
Official languages Russian
Official website

Kaliningrad Oblast (Russian: Калинингра́дская о́бласть, Kaliningradskaya oblast) is an exclave of Russia bordered by Poland, Lithuania and Baltic Sea. The capital of Kaliningrad Oblast is Kaliningrad, formerly Königsberg.

It is quite unusual, first because it is not attached to Russia. It is an exclave on the Baltic coast, with no land connection to the rest of Russia. It has a population of 941,873 (2010 Census). It has a continental climate (Dfb in the Koeppen climate classification).

Its territory was part of historical East Prussia (German: Nord-Ostpreussen), which was an exclave of Germany from 1919 until 1945. That year, it was occupied by the Soviet Union. The region was later annexed to the Soviet Union under border changes of the Potsdam Agreement, when it was attached to the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (RSFSR). Most of its German population were killed or fled west to West Germany during the last months of the war. The rest were expelled between 1944 and 1950. Russian settlers were moved in and the population is now mainly Russian. As of the 2010 census, only a small number of ethnic Germans remain; most of the several thousand who live in the oblast are recent immigrants from other parts of the former Soviet Union.

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