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Republic of the Seven United Netherlands

Republiek der Zeven Verenigde Nederlanden
Flag of United Provinces
Coat of arms of United Provinces
Coat of arms
Motto: Concordia res parvae crescunt
"Unity makes strength"
Anthem: Het Wilhelmus
"The William"
Location of the Dutch Republic in 1789
Location of the Dutch Republic in 1789
Capital Amsterdam
Common languages Dutch, Zeelandic, West Flemish, Dutch Low Saxon, West Frisian
Dutch Reformed
Government Confederative republic
• 1581–1584
William I (first)
• 1751–1795
William V (last)
Grand Pensionary  
• 1581–1585
Paulus Buys (first)
• 1787–1795
Laurens van de Spiegel (last)
Legislature States General
• State council
Council of State
Historical era Early modern
• Union of Utrecht
23 January 1579
• Act of Abjuration
26 July 1581
30 January 1648
• Batavian Revolution
19 January 1795
• 1795
Currency Guilder
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Habsburg Netherlands
Batavian Republic
Today part of

The Dutch Republic — officially known as the Republic of the Seven United Netherlands, the Republic of the United Netherlands, or the Republic of the Seven United Provinces — was a republic in Europe. It was a confederacy of provinces,from 1581 to 1795. It came before the Batavian Republic, the United Kingdom of the Netherlands and the modern Netherlands (now a part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. Alternative names include the United Provinces, Federated Belgic Provinces, and Belgic Federation.

Although it was called a republic, its Stadtholders became a heredity dynasty.

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