Sevastopol facts for kids

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Sevastopol
Skyline of Sevastopol
Flag of Sevastopol
Flag
Coat of arms of Sevastopol
Coat of arms
Orthographic projection of Sevastopol (in green)
Orthographic projection of Sevastopol (in green)
Map of the Crimean Peninsula with Sevastopol highlighted
Map of the Crimean Peninsula with Sevastopol highlighted
Country Disputed:
Status within Ukraine City with special status
Status within Russia Federal city
Founded 1783 (237 years ago)
Area
 • Total 864 km2 (334 sq mi)
Elevation 100 m (300 ft)
Population (2019)
 • Total 443,211
 • Density 512.98/km2 (1,328.6/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Sevastopolitan, Sevastopolian
Time zone MSK (de facto) (UTC+03:00)
Postal code 299000—299699 (Russian system)
Area code(s) +7-8692 (Russian system)
License plate 92 (Russian system)
Website sevastopol.gov.ru, de facto

Sevastopol is the largest city on the Crimean Peninsula and a major Black Sea port. Since annexing Crimea in 2014, the Russian Federation has administered Sevastopol as a federal city. Nevertheless, Ukraine and most of the UN member countries continue to regard Sevastopol as a city with special status within Ukraine. The population is made up of mostly Russians with small numbers of Ukrainians and Tatars.

Sevastopol has a population of 393,304 concentrated mostly near the Sevastopol Bay and surrounding areas. The location and navigability of the city's harbours have made Sevastopol a strategically important port and naval base throughout history. The city has been a home to the Russian Black Sea Fleet, which is why it was considered as a separate city in Crimea of significant military importance and was once operated by the Soviet Union as a closed city.

Although relatively small at 864 square kilometres (334 sq mi), Sevastopol's unique naval and maritime features have been the basis for a robust economy. The city enjoys mild winters and moderate warm summers; characteristics that help make it a popular seaside resort and tourist destination, mainly for visitors from the former Soviet republics. The city is also an important centre for marine biology research. In particular, dolphins have been studied and trained in the city by the military since the end of World War II.

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