Pskov facts for kids

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Pskov (English)
Псков (Russian)
-  City  -
Kremlin in Pskov 1.JPG
Krom (or Kremlin) in Pskov
Map of Russia - Pskov Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Pskov Oblast in Russia
Coordinates: 57°49′N 28°20′E / 57.817°N 28.333°E / 57.817; 28.333Coordinates: 57°49′N 28°20′E / 57.817°N 28.333°E / 57.817; 28.333
Pskovgfull.jpg
Flag of Pskov (Pskov oblast).png
Coat of arms
Flag
City Day July 23
Administrative status
Country Russia
Federal subject Pskov Oblast
Administrative center of Pskov Oblast, Pskovsky District
Municipal status
Urban okrug Pskov Urban Okrug
City Head Ivan Tsetsersky
Representative body City Duma
Statistics
Area 95.5 km2 (36.9 sq mi)
Population (2010 Census,
preliminary)
203,281 inhabitants
- Rank in 2010 91st
Population (2002 Census) 202,780 inhabitants
- Rank in 2002 90th
Density 2,129/km2 (5,514/sq mi)
Time zone MSK (UTC+04:00)
Founded 903
Postal code(s) 180xxx
Dialing code(s) +7 8112
Official website

Pskov (Russian: Псков, ancient Russian spelling Пльсковъ (Pleskov)) is an old city in the northwest of Russia. It is about 20 kilometres (12 mi) east of the Estonian border, on the Velikaya River.

Landmarks and sights

Pskov Krom
Pskov Krom, view from the Velikaya River
Churches of the Pskov School of Architecture
UNESCO World Heritage site
Pskov asv07-2018 various76 John the Baptist Cathedral.jpg
The mid-12th-century cathedral of St. John. Dozens of similar quaint little churches are scattered throughout Pskov.
Criteria Cultural: (ii)
Reference 1523
Inscription 2019 (43rd Session)
Area 29.32 ha (72.5 acres)
Buffer zone 625.6 ha (1,546 acres)

Pskov still preserves much of its medieval walls, built from the 13th century on. Its medieval citadel is called either the Krom or the Kremlin. Within its walls rises the 256-foot-tall (78 m) Trinity Cathedral, founded in 1138 and rebuilt in the 1690s. The cathedral contains the tombs of saint princes Vsevolod (died in 1138) and Dovmont (died in 1299). Other ancient cathedrals adorn the Mirozhsky Monastery (completed by 1152), famous for its 12th-century frescoes, St. John's (completed by 1243), and the Snetogorsky monastery (built in 1310 and stucco-painted in 1313).

Pskov is exceedingly rich in tiny, squat, picturesque churches, dating mainly from the 15th and the 16th centuries. There are many dozens of them, the most notable being St. Basil's on the Hill (1413), St. Kozma and Demian's near the Bridge (1463), St. George's from the Downhill (1494), Assumption from the Ferryside (1444, 1521), and St. Nicholas' from Usokha (1536). The 17th-century residential architecture is represented by merchant mansions, such as the Salt House, the Pogankin Palace, and the Trubinsky mansion.

Among the sights in the vicinity of Pskov are Izborsk, a seat of Rurik's brother in the 9th century and one of the most formidable fortresses of medieval Russia; the Pskov Monastery of the Caves, the oldest continually functioning monastery in Russia (founded in the mid-15th century) and a magnet for pilgrims from all over the country; the 16th-century Krypetsky Monastery; Yelizarov Convent, which used to be a great cultural and literary center of medieval Russia; and Mikhaylovskoye, a family home of Alexander Pushkin where he wrote some of the best known lines in the Russian language. The national poet of Russia is buried in the ancient cloister at the Holy Mountains nearby. Unfortunately, the area presently has only a minimal tourist infrastructure, and the historic core of Pskov requires serious investments to realize its great tourist potential.

On 7 July 2019, the Churches of the Pskov School of Architecture was inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Geography

Climate

The climate of Pskov is humid continental (Köppen climate classification Dfb) with maritime influences due to the city's relative proximity to the Baltic Sea and Gulf of Finland; with relative soft (for Russia) but long winter (usually five months per year) and warm summer. Summer and fall have more precipitation than winter and spring.

Climate data for Pskov
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 9.8
(49.6)
11.3
(52.3)
18.5
(65.3)
27.6
(81.7)
32.0
(89.6)
32.6
(90.7)
35.0
(95)
35.6
(96.1)
30.3
(86.5)
22.6
(72.7)
14.1
(57.4)
10.9
(51.6)
35.6
(96.1)
Average high °C (°F) −2.7
(27.1)
−2.4
(27.7)
2.8
(37)
11.3
(52.3)
17.9
(64.2)
21.1
(70)
23.6
(74.5)
21.8
(71.2)
15.7
(60.3)
9.2
(48.6)
2.2
(36)
−1.6
(29.1)
9.9
(49.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) −5.1
(22.8)
−5.7
(21.7)
−1.0
(30)
6.1
(43)
12.2
(54)
15.8
(60.4)
18.3
(64.9)
16.5
(61.7)
11.1
(52)
5.8
(42.4)
0.0
(32)
−3.8
(25.2)
5.9
(42.6)
Average low °C (°F) −7.9
(17.8)
−9.1
(15.6)
−4.6
(23.7)
1.4
(34.5)
6.6
(43.9)
10.7
(51.3)
13.0
(55.4)
11.5
(52.7)
7.0
(44.6)
2.8
(37)
−2.2
(28)
−6.3
(20.7)
1.9
(35.4)
Record low °C (°F) −40.6
(-41.1)
−37.6
(-35.7)
−29.7
(-21.5)
−20.9
(-5.6)
−5.1
(22.8)
−0.1
(31.8)
2.7
(36.9)
1.3
(34.3)
−4.6
(23.7)
−12.5
(9.5)
−23.8
(-10.8)
−40.3
(-40.5)
−40.6
(-41.1)
Precipitation mm (inches) 35
(1.38)
29
(1.14)
31
(1.22)
37
(1.46)
45
(1.77)
67
(2.64)
77
(3.03)
77
(3.03)
66
(2.6)
51
(2.01)
53
(2.09)
46
(1.81)
614
(24.17)
Source: Pogoda.ru.net

Gallery

Economy

Pskov asv07-2018 railway station area img07
City bus in Pskov
  • JSC "AVAR" (AvtoElectroArmatura). Electric equipment production for cars, lorries buses and tractors (relays, switches, fuses, electronic articles)
  • Pskov is served by Pskov Airport which was also used for military aviation.

Sister cities

Pskov is twinned with the following cities:

Images for kids


Pskov Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.