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Ulan-Ude (English)
Улан-Удэ (Russian)
Улаан Үдэ (Buryat)
-  City  -
Центр Улан-Удэ.JPG
Ulan-Ude City Center
Gerb u u.jpg
Flag of Ulan-Ude (Buryatia).png
Coat of arms
Flag
City Day September's first Saturday
Administrative status
Country Russia
Federal subject Republic of Buryatia
Administratively subordinated to city of republic significance of Ulan-Ude
Capital of Republic of Buryatia
Municipal status
Urban okrug Ulan-Ude Urban Okrug
Mayor Alexander Golkov
Representative body City Council of Deputies
Statistics
Area 347.6 km2 (134.2 sq mi)
Population (2010 Census,
preliminary)
404,426 inhabitants
Rank in 2010 45th
Density 1,163/km2 (3,012/sq mi)
Founded 1666
City status since 1775
Postal code(s) 6700xx
Dialing code(s) +7 3012
[ulan-ude-eg.ru Official website]

Ulan-Ude (Russian:Ула́н-Удэ́; Buryat: Улаан-Үдэ), formerly Verkhneudinsk (Верхнеу́динск), the capital city of the Buryat Republic, Russia. The city is located about 100 km south-east of Lake Baikal. It sits at the foot of the Khamar-Daban and Khrebet Ulan-Burgasy mountain ranges, next to the confluence of the Selenga River and its tributary, the Uda. The city is divided into two parts by the Uda. Population 359,391 (2002 Census); 352,530 (1989 Census). It is the third largest city in East Siberia. It is served by Ulan-Ude Airport (Mukhino) as well as the smaller Ulan-Ude Vostochny Airport.

Ulan-Ude was founded in 1666 by the Russian Cossacks. Due to its geographical position, the city grew rapidly and became a large trade centre which connected Russia with China and Mongolia. There are old merchants' mansions richly decorated with wood and stone carving in the historical center of Ulan-Ude, along the river banks. They represent beautiful examples of Russian classicism. There is also a large and highly unusual head of Lenin in the central square.

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