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Communist Party of the Soviet Union

Коммунистическая партия Советского Союза
Abbreviation CPSU/KPSS
General Secretary Yelena Stasova (first; Apr 1917–1918)
Mikhail Gorbachev (last; Mar 1985–Aug 1991)
Founder Vladimir Lenin
Founded May 1917; 104 years ago (1917-05)
Dissolved 29 August 1991 (1991-08-29)
Preceded by Bolshevik faction of the RSDLP
Succeeded by CPRF
Headquarters Moscow, Staraya Square, 4
Newspaper Pravda
Youth wing Young Communist League and Pioneers
Membership 19 million (1986)
Ideology Communism
Marxism–Leninism
(since 1929)
International affiliation Second International (1912–14)
Comintern (1919–43)
Cominform (1947–56)
Colours      Red
Slogan "Пролетарии всех стран, соединяйтесь!"
("Workers of the world, unite!")
Anthem
"Internatsional"
("The Internationale")
"Gimn partii bol'shevikov"
("Hymn of the Bolshevik Party")
(unofficial, 1939–52)

The Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU) was the ruling political party in the Soviet Union, and the only legal one.

Before the creation of the Russian Communist Party in 1918, its members were part of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party. They made up a group within that party, which was called the Bolsheviks. The first leader of the CPSU was Vladimir Lenin. The first General Secretary of the party was Stalin from 1922–52. The party led the 1917 October Revolution that overthrew the Russian Provisional Government during World War I. From 1918–25, the name of the party was Russian Communist Party. From 1925–52, the name was All-Union Communist Party. The Party took the name Communist Party of the Soviet Union in 1952.

The Communist Party controlled all the government in the Soviet Union. The party supported communist movements in Eastern Europe, Asia and Africa. In 1990, during a big reform called "perestroika", or "restructuring", the party lost its position as the only party allowed. The CPSU was dissolved in 1991, and continued as the Communist Party of the Russian Federation. The new CPRF has sometimes been the largest in the Russian parliament, the State Duma.

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