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Location of Dawson in Sangamon County, Illinois.
Location of Dawson in Sangamon County, Illinois.
Location of Illinois in the United States
Location of Illinois in the United States
Country United States
State Illinois
County Sangamon
 • Total 0.79 sq mi (2.05 km2)
 • Land 0.79 sq mi (2.05 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
 • Total 519
 • Density 655.30/sq mi (253.01/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP Code(s)
Area code(s) 217
FIPS code 17-18745
Wikimedia Commons Dawson, Illinois

Dawson is a village in Sangamon County, Illinois, United States. The population was 509 at the 2010 census. It is about 10 miles east of Springfield and is part of the Springfield Metropolitan Statistical Area.


Dawson was located along an old Indian trail that led from Clear Lake, Illinois, to Buffalo Hart, Illinois.

Dawson was laid out in 1854 when the railroad was extended to that point. The village was named after John Dawson, a member of a political group in Illinois in the 1830s led by Abraham Lincoln, that advocated moving the state capitol from Vandalia to Springfield. Dawson was incorporated in 1883.


According to the 2010 census, Dawson has a total area of 0.88 square miles (2.28 km2), all land.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 574
1910 620 8.0%
1920 602 −2.9%
1930 394 −34.6%
1940 396 0.5%
1950 374 −5.6%
1960 393 5.1%
1970 427 8.7%
1980 532 24.6%
1990 536 0.8%
2000 466 −13.1%
2010 509 9.2%
2020 519 2.0%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2000, there were 466 people, 188 households, and 140 families residing in the village. The population density was 535.0 people per square mile (206.8/km2). There were 197 housing units at an average density of 226.2 per square mile (87.4/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 98.93% White, and 1.07% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.43% of the population.

There were 188 households, out of which 36.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.2% were married couples living together, 6.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.5% were non-families. 21.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 2.85.

In the village, the population was spread out, with 23.0% under the age of 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 32.2% from 25 to 44, 26.6% from 45 to 64, and 10.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.4 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $51,250, and the median income for a family was $59,375. Males had a median income of $31,719 versus $27,396 for females. The per capita income for the village was $19,686. About 4.2% of families and 5.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.2% of those under age 18 and 23.4% of those age 65 or over.

See also

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