Dayton International Peace Museum facts for kids
The Isaac Pollack House, home to the Dayton International Peace Museum
|Established||27 May 2004|
|Location||208 W Monument Ave. Dayton, OH, 45402, USA|
The Dayton International Peace Museum is a non-profit, primarily volunteer-run peace museum located in Dayton, Ohio, at 208 W. Monument Ave. The Museum's mission is to promote, through education and collaboration, a more equitable, civil, and peaceful world. Its programs and exhibits are non-partisan, secular, and feature themes of conflict resolution, equity, social justice, tolerance, and protecting our natural world. It is the only peace museum in the Western Hemisphere to still have a physical location.
In addition to functioning as a traditional museum, the Peace Museum serves as an activities center for those who seek a community of peace. The Peace Museum features permanent, temporary, and traveling exhibits that highlight the rich history of, and potential for, nonviolent solutions to conflict and sustainability in the natural world.
Located in Dayton's historic Isaac Pollack House, the Peace Museum includes a library, an interactive children's room, a gathering space where visitors can engage in conversation, and holds events such as book discussions and story slams. In 2014, the 1877 structure was refitted with modern technology. The new equipment allows the Peace Museum to produce multimedia, interactive exhibits, and to broadcast programs and virtual exhibits to multiple rooms.
While the building is currently closed to in-person visitors, the museum is usually open from 10 A.M - 5 P.M Fri-Sun and weekdays by appointment. The Museum is free to members but there is a suggested donation of $8 per person for non-members. There is also free parking located behind the museum.
The Dayton International Peace Museum was founded in 2004 by farmers Ralph and Christine Dull, along with J. Frederick Arment, Lisa Wolters, and Steve Fryburg. Currently, the museum is run by Executive Director Kevin Kelly and Administrative Assistant Arielle Dzaferagic. It was the second peace museum to be created in the United States, with The Peace Museum in Chicago, Illinois, which closed in the late 2000s, being the first. It is the only one in the Western Hemisphere still with a physical location.
Ralph and Christine were long-time peace activists and members of the Fellowship of Reconciliation, receiving numerous awards for books published and their work around the local area. Ralph received the 2009 Pioneer of Ohio Award from Green Energy Ohio and the National EPA Award for Environmental Stewardship in 2010.
Since their departure the museum has maintained a focus on local change, meeting with local leaders and encouraging broader interpretations of peace within the community. In 2017, the Museum participated in the local "Building Peace Through the Arts" initiative alongside the University of Dayton, Dayton Philharmonic, and other local arts institutions.
The Museum is an active member of the Peace in Our Cities global initiative, the Austrian Service Abroad program, the Association of Children's Museums, and are on the advisory board of the International Network of Museums of Peace based in Kyoto.
The museum hosts a number of different permanent and temporary exhibits, notably featuring an extensive exhibit on the Dayton Peace Accords, complete with interactive panels and touchscreens. Their exhibit on the accords is the most extensive of its kind and was digitized for the 25th anniversary in 2020. It is currently available on the Museum's website.
Outside of their exhibitions, the museum's standing programs include the Building Peace series of guest speakers, the MLK Dialogue series, a Great Decisions national civic engagement series, weekly guided meditation and yoga, an annual summer camp for children, a Youth Advisory Board, and periodic programs on Kingian Nonviolence, mediation, peace literacy education, and compassion education.
They are also the official repository of each fiction and nonfiction book submitted annually to the Dayton Literary Peace Prize. Recent winners of the Richard Holbrooke Award include John Irving, Hala Alyan, and TaNeshi Coates.
Isaac Pollack House
Built in 1877, the Isaac Pollack House has been the home of the Dayton International Peace Museum since 2004. After emigrating to Dayton from Riedseltz, France in 1854, Isaac Pollack went into business with Soloman Ruah, a fellow immigrant, as whisky and wine dealers. Both men grew to be important civic leaders, with Pollack especially recognized for his service as defending Cincinnati during the Civil War.
Following the end of the war, both men started development on identical houses next to each other. Constructed in Renaissance and Baroque styles, no expense was spared for either house. Hand carved stonework and oak floors filled the interior, all capped off with an ornate Mansard roof. After building finished in 1877, the families flipped a coin to decide which house each got, with Pollack ending up with the house at 319 West Third Avenue. Pollack retired and moved out of the house in 1903, passing away soon after in 1908.
After leaving the Pollack family, the house passed through several hands, largely serving as a home and dance studio. In 1954 Montgomery County bought both houses and, while demolishing Ruah's neighboring house, kept the Pollack House standing against pressure to redevelop the area. In 1974, the house was added to the National Registry of Historic Places and, three years later in 1977, was bought from the county and was moved to its current location on Monument Avenue.
In 2005, the Pollack house became the permanent home for the Museum.
Dayton International Peace Museum Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.