Decorah Ice Cave State Preserve facts for kids
Quick facts for kids
Decorah Ice Cave
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|Location||Ice Cave Rd.
|Area||2.9 acres (1.2 ha)|
|NRHP reference No.||78001269|
|Added to NRHP||December 20, 1978|
Decorah Ice Cave State Preserve has one of the largest glacières (ice caves) in the Midwestern United States. It consists of a 3-acre (1.2 ha) parcel of land at the edge of Barbara Barnhart VanPeenen Memorial Park in the northern portion of the city of Decorah, in Winnesheik County, Iowa.
Ice Cave is open to the public as an 'enter at your own risk' attraction. In the late 1990s the Department of Natural Resources Geological Survey Bureau required a permanent barrier be installed due to some rock movement. Since then a larger rock has fallen and visitors are now only able to comfortably walk into the cave about 10 feet from the entrance.
Ice caves are one characteristic of karst topography, along with sinkholes and cave systems, all of which are present in the area, a portion of the Driftless Area of Iowa. From autumn and into early winter the cave is dry. Ice begins to form in January or February near the entrance and continues down to the lower levels. Several inches of ice on the north wall materializes by late May, and generally remains until late August.
The cave was given to Decorah in 1954, and remains the property of the city. It was declared a state geological state preserve in 1973. It was placed on the National Register of Historical Places in 1978. For more information about Ice Cave State Preserve click here.