kids encyclopedia robot

Dendron, Virginia facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Quick facts for kids
Dendron, Virginia
Location of Dendron, Virginia
Location of Dendron, Virginia
Country United States
State Virginia
County Surry
 • Total 3.57 sq mi (9.24 km2)
 • Land 3.57 sq mi (9.24 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
118 ft (36 m)
 • Total 251
 • Density 70.31/sq mi (27.16/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s) 757, 948 (planned)
FIPS code 51-22160
GNIS feature ID 1492862

Dendron is a town in Surry County, Virginia, United States. The population was 251 at the 2010 census. Sculptor Leslie Garland Bolling was born in Dendron, as was mayor of Hopewell, Virginia, Curtis W. Harris.


Dendron is located at 37°2′40″N 76°56′5″W / 37.04444°N 76.93472°W / 37.04444; -76.93472 (37.044516, -76.934737).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 3.6 square miles (9.2 km²), all of it land.


Dendron was originally a mill town, built and run by the Surry Lumber Company in to house employees of its sawmill. The village was known as Mussel Fork Village until 1896 when it was renamed "Dendron." The name was derived from δένδρον, the Greek word for tree. The years after 1896 saw rapid growth and expansion of the sawmill and the Town. More people moved to Dendron and additional Company housing built. By 1906, Dendron had a population of 1513 people, 298 dwellings, two hotels, eighteen Company stores and five churches. By 1928, Dendron's population had reached nearly 3,000 people. In addition to those establishments listed above, there was also a post office, two schools, a jail, two banks, two doctors, a skating rink, a movie theater, and a number of non-company owned businesses; such as a drug store, barber shops, garages, cleaning establishments, a pool room, a restaurant, bakery and an ice cream parlor.

The company also operated a narrow gauge railroad known as Sussex, Surry and Southampton Railway that transported logs to its sawmill in Dendron, and lumber to its wharf on the James River. It also offered passenger service to Dendron and other small towns along its route. One of its steam locomotives built in 1891 was sold to Argent Lumber company in 1926. It was later bought by Midwest Central Railroad in 1960. Completely restored it is still in operation as Midwest Central Railroad's flagship locomotive.

Production peaked in 1920, and the company did not replant after it cut trees. By 1925, most of the area's old growth timber was exhausted. The Surry Lumber Company shut its Dendron sawmills on October 27, 1927. With its major employer gone, the town lost population rapidly, as did nearby Sedley Vicksville and Central Hill. The following year, the company began dismantling and selling its equipment and buildings, leaving Dendron without its railroad, water system, nor electricity.

In February 1931 a fire swept through what was left of Dendron, destroying twenty-one buildings along Main Street erasing much of what was left of the once prosperous town. A decade later, the rival Gray Lumber Company of Waverly, which had long replanted its land with pine seedlings, bought 15,000 acres from the nearly defunct Surry Lumber company, and three other companies soon bought most of the remaining acreage in other counties. The company's headquarters in Dendron was razed in 1970, and the former commissary, converted to a store, burned down in 1989.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 1,653
1920 1,705 3.1%
1930 671 −60.6%
1940 465 −30.7%
1950 476 2.4%
1960 403 −15.3%
1970 336 −16.6%
1980 307 −8.6%
1990 305 −0.7%
2000 297 −2.6%
2010 272 −8.4%
2020 251 −7.7%
U.S. Decennial Census

2020 census

Dendron, Virginia - Demographic Profile
(NH = Non-Hispanic)
Race / Ethnicity Pop 2010 Pop 2020 % 2010 % 2020
White alone (NH) 101 102 37.13% 40.64%
Black or African American alone (NH) 156 141 57.35% 56.18%
Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH) 2 1 0.74% 0.40%
Asian alone (NH) 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
Pacific Islander alone (NH) 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
Some Other Race alone (NH) 0 1 0.00% 0.40%
Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH) 5 0 1.84% 0.00%
Hispanic or Latino (any race) 8 6 2.94% 2.39%
Total 272 251 100.00% 100.00%

Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Dendron para niños

kids search engine
Dendron, Virginia Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.