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Duluth North Pier Light facts for kids

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Duluth North Pier Light
Duluth North Pier Lighthouse.jpg
Duluth North Pier Light from the west
Location End of north pier of the Duluth Ship Canal, Duluth, Minnesota
Coordinates 46°46′51.4″N 92°5′17.8″W / 46.780944°N 92.088278°W / 46.780944; -92.088278Coordinates: 46°46′51.4″N 92°5′17.8″W / 46.780944°N 92.088278°W / 46.780944; -92.088278
Year first constructed 1910
Foundation Concrete breakwater
Construction Steel/cast iron
Tower shape Cylindrical tower
Markings / pattern White with black lantern
Height 36 ft (11 m)
Focal height 43 ft (13 m)
Original lens Fifth order Fresnel lens
Range 11 nautical miles (20 km; 13 mi)
Characteristic Red isophase 4s
USCG number 7-15855

The Duluth North Pier Light is a lighthouse on the north breakwater of the Duluth Ship Canal in Duluth, Minnesota, United States.

History

An 1896 project to improve harbor facilities resulted in the reconstruction of the sides of the Duluth Ship Canal, bracketing it in the two concrete piers which define its channel to the present. While the south pier had been equipped with a light from 1874, the north pier was unlit, and given the difficult approach (highlighted by the notorious wreck of the SS Mataafa in 1905), calls for aids were soon made. A 1908 Lighthouse Board report, in recommending construction of a light on the north pier, noted that a private aid was already being placed on the pier. Appropriation was made in 1909, and a tower was erected and lit the following year. The design was based on that of the Peche Island Rear Range Light, featuring a short round tower built of steel plates. A fifth-order Fresnel lens from France was installed and lit with a 210-candlepower electric lamp powered from the city power grid. All the lights on the canal were maintained by the same keepers; the head keeper lived in a frame house constructed in 1874 with the Duluth South Breakwater Outer Light, while the assistants were given a brick duplex in 1913 after years of having to find boarding accommodations on their own.

The North Pier Light was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2016 for its local significance in the themes of engineering, maritime history, and transportation. It was nominated for its association with federal efforts to establish nationwide navigational aids, and for being characteristic of early-20th-century pier and breakwater lights built around the Great Lakes.

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