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Emperor Kōnin facts for kids

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Emperor of Japan
Reign 770–781
Predecessor Shōtoku
Successor Kammu
Born 18 November 709
Died 11 January 782
Burial Tahara no higashi no misasagi (Nara)

Emperor Kōnin (光仁天皇 , Kōnin-tennō, 18 November 709 – 11 January 782) was the 49th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. Kōnin's reign started in 770 and ended in 781.

Traditional narrative

Before he became the monarch, this prince's personal name (imina) was Prince Shirakabe (白壁 )

Kōnin had five wives and seven Imperial sons and daughters.

Events of Kōnin's life

  • 8 September 769 (Jingo-keiun 3, 4th day of the 8th month): In the 5th year of Shōtoku's reign, she died; and Prince Shirakabe was her heir.
  • 28 August 770 (Jingo-keiun 4, 4th day of the 8th month): The succession (senso) was received by Prince Shirakabe, who was the 62-year-old grandson of Emperor Tenji.
  • 23 October 770 (Jingo-keiun 4, 1st day of the 10th month): Emperor Kōnin was said to have acceded to the throne (sokui) in a formal ceremony. The era name was changed to Hōki 1.
  • 781 (Ten'ō 1, 4th month): In the 11th year of Kōnin's reign, he abdicated in favor of his son who became known as Emperor Kammu.
  • 781 (Ten'ō 1, 12th month) : Kōnin died at the age of 73.

After his death

Emperor Kōnin is traditionally venerated at his tomb; the Imperial Household Agency designates Tahara no Higashi no Misasagi in Nara as the location of Kōnin's mausoleum.

Eras of Kōnin's reign

The years of Kōnin's reign are more specifically identified by more than one era name (nengō).

Related pages

Preceded by
Empress Shōtoku
Emperor of Japan:

Succeeded by
Emperor Kammu
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