Fireball XL5 facts for kids
Quick facts for kidsFireball XL5
|Genre||Children's science fiction|
|Created by||Gerry and Sylvia Anderson|
|Country of origin||United Kingdom|
|No. of series||1|
|No. of episodes||39 (list of episodes)|
|Running time||25 minutes|
|Production company(s)||AP Films|
|Picture format||Black-and-white 35 mm film|
|Original release||28 October 1962– 27 October 1963|
Fireball XL5 is a 1960s British children's science-fiction puppet television series about the missions of Fireball XL5, a vessel of the World Space Patrol that polices the cosmos in the year 2062. Commanded by Colonel Steve Zodiac, XL5 defends Earth from interstellar threats while encountering a wide variety of alien civilisations.
Inspired by the Space Race, Fireball XL5 was created by the husband-and-wife team of Gerry and Sylvia Anderson and filmed by their production company AP Films (APF) for ITC Entertainment. It was APF's final black-and-white series and the third to be made in what the Andersons dubbed "Supermarionation": a style of production in which the characters were played by electronic marionettes whose mouth movements were synchronised with the voice actors' pre-recorded dialogue. Zodiac was voiced by Paul Maxwell while two of his companions – XL5 co-pilot Robert the Robot and "space doctor" Venus – were voiced by Gerry and Sylvia Anderson themselves. The series' scale model special effects were directed by Derek Meddings.
Filming of Fireball XL5's 39 half-hour episodes began in February 1962 and the series premiered on ATV London (part of the ITV network) on 28 October that year. It was also purchased by NBC in the United States, becoming the only Anderson series to air on an American network. The TV episodes were supplemented by an audio play, comic strips in TV Comic and TV Century 21, and other tie-ins including books, toys and model kits. The series was regularly repeated on British TV until 1974 and has since been released on DVD in the UK, US, Canada and Australia.
Regarded by some commentators as a space opera or space Western, Fireball XL5 has been praised for its music; its closing theme – "Fireball", sung by Don Spencer – was commercially released to moderate success in the UK charts. It is often confused with Space Patrol, a puppet series with a similar premise that was made by the Andersons' former collaborators Roberta Leigh and Arthur Provis.
Set in the year 2062, the series follows the missions of Earth spaceship Fireball XL5, commanded by Colonel Steve Zodiac of the World Space Patrol. Zodiac's crew comprises the glamorous Venus, a doctor of space medicine; middle-aged navigator and engineer Professor Matthew Matic; and co-pilot Robert: a transparent, anthropomorphic robot who often exclaims "ON-OUR-WAY-'OME!" as XL5 returns to base.
XL5 patrols Sector 25 of charted interstellar space and is one of at least 30 "Fireball XL" vessels (an XL30 is mentioned in the episode "The Firefighters"). The ship has a "gravity activator" for artificial gravity and consists of two detachable sections. A winged nose cone dubbed Fireball Junior houses the cockpit and serves as a self-contained short take-off and vertical landing craft for exploring planets. The main, larger section contains a navigation bay, laboratory, workshops, lounge and crew quarters, together with the rocket motors that enable interstellar travel. On arrival at an alien world, the main section usually remains in orbit while Fireball Junior travels down to the surface.
The World Space Patrol is based at Space City, located on an unnamed island in the South Pacific Ocean. The organisation is headed by Commander Zero, assisted by Lieutenant Ninety. For unspecified reasons, the city's 25-storey, T-shaped control tower is shown to rotate (in one episode, a character accidentally causes it to turn fast enough for those inside to suffer vertigo). XL5's deep-space patrols are missions of three months' duration; between missions, the ship is on call at Space City. The ship blasts off from a mile-long launch rail ending in a 40-degree incline. On its return to Space City, it lands vertically in a horizontal attitude using underside-mounted retro-rockets.
Until the episode "Faster Than Light", XL5 travels through space at sub-light speeds. Its rocket motors, powered by a "nutomic" reactor, provide a maximum safe speed of "Space Velocity 7", allowing the ship to reach the outlying star systems of charted space within a few months. The crew do not wear spacesuits outside the ship: instead, they take "oxygen pills" to survive the vacuum while using thruster packs to manoeuvre. The ship's "neutroni" radio enables virtually instantaneous communication with other craft over vast distances.
|No.||Title||Directed by||Written by||Original air date (ATV London)||Prod.
|1||"Planet 46"||Gerry Anderson||Gerry and Sylvia Anderson||28 October 1962||1|
|Fireball XL5 intercepts a missile launched at Earth. Landing on Planet 46, Zodiac and Venus are captured by the villainous Subterrains – who promptly launch a second missile with Venus on board.|
|2||"The Doomed Planet"||Alan Pattillo||Alan Fennell||4 November 1962||5|
|An investigation of a flying saucer leads Zodiac to try to save a planet that has broken out of its orbit and is on a collision course with another planet.|
|3||"Space Immigrants"||Alan Pattillo||Anthony Marriott||11 November 1962||8|
|The Mayflower III, piloted by Venus, is carrying pioneers to a new planet. However, the indigenous Lillispatians have objections to their world being colonised.|
|4||"Plant Man From Space"||John Kelly||Anthony Marriott||18 November 1962||6|
|Matic's old friend, Dr Rootes, attempts to conquer Earth using an invasive species of alien plant life – which promptly runs amok.|
|5||"Spy in Space"||Alan Pattillo||Alan Fennell||25 November 1962||11|
|Mr and Mrs Space Spy plot to steal Fireball XL5 from a deep-space refuelling station.|
|6||"The Sun Temple"||Bill Harris||Alan Fennell||2 December 1962||7|
|On the planet Rejusca, Zodiac and Zoonie must rescue Venus from sun worshippers who plan to sacrifice her to their solar deity.|
|7||"XL5 To H2O"||John Kelly||Alan Fennell||9 December 1962||12|
|XL5 responds to an urgent distress call from the last two survivors of a planet menaced by a weird fish man armed with a poisonous smoke gun.|
|8||"Space Pirates"||Bill Harris||Anthony Marriott||16 December 1962||13|
|Attempting to outwit a band of space pirates who are plundering freighters, the XL5 crew are drawn into a complicated game of bluff and double bluff.|
|9||"Flying Zodiac"||Bill Harris||Anthony Marriott||23 December 1962||10|
|Zodiac almost falls victim to sabotage at a Space City circus as part of a scheme by Mr and Mrs Space Spy to help alien nomads take over Earth.|
|10||"Space Pen"||John Kelly||Dennis Spooner||30 December 1962||15|
|Posing as criminals, the XL5 crew head for the prison planet Conva in pursuit of two Space City raiders, only to end up in Mr and Mrs Space Spy's lethal water chamber.|
|11||"Space Monster"||John Kelly||Gerry and Sylvia Anderson||6 January 1963||9|
|Zoonie's talent for mimicry gets the XL5 crew out of a tight spot when they investigate the disappearance of Fireball XL2 and find themselves menaced by a space monster.|
|12||"The Last of the Zanadus"||Alan Pattillo||Anthony Marriott||13 January 1963||14|
|The evil Kudos, lone inhabitant of the planet Zanadu, plots to destroy all Lazoons with a deadly virus. When Zoonie is infected, the XL5 crew must race to obtain the cure.|
|13||"Planet of Platonia"||David Elliott||Alan Fennell||20 January 1963||3|
|While bringing the King of the Plantium Planet to Earth for trade talks, the XL5 crew foils a plot by the king's aide, Volvo, to kill his ruler and start a war between the two planets.|
|14||"The Triads"||Alan Pattillo||Alan Fennell||27 January 1963||18|
|The XL5 crew encounter friendly giants Graff and Snaff on Triad – a planet three times the size of Earth – and help them in their efforts to explore space.|
|15||"Wings of Danger"||David Elliott||Alan Fennell||3 February 1963||17|
|While investigating strange signals coming from Planet 46, Zodiac is poisoned by a robot bird equipped with deadly radium capsules. Venus saves his life, but the bird is waiting to strike again.|
|16||"Convict in Space"||Bill Harris||Alan Fennell||10 February 1963||16|
|Mr and Mrs Space Spy issue a fake distress call in an attempt to trick Zodiac into handing over a convict in transport.|
|17||"Space Vacation"||Alan Pattillo||Dennis Spooner||17 February 1963||22|
|A well-deserved vacation on the planet Olympus turns into a frenzied race against time when the XL5 crew becomes embroiled in a bizarre interplanetary feud.|
|18||"Flight to Danger"||David Elliott||Alan Fennell||24 February 1963||21|
|To win his astronaut's wings Lieutenant Ninety must complete a solo orbit of the Moon, but disaster strikes when his rocket ship catches fire.|
|19||"Prisoner on the Lost Planet"||Bill Harris||Anthony Marriott||3 March 1963||20|
|Answering a distress call from uncharted space, Steve finds himself on a volcanic planet – where he meets a beautiful exile who threatens to trigger an eruption if he does not help her to escape.|
|20||"The Forbidden Planet"||David Elliott||Anthony Marriott||10 March 1963||25|
|Matic uses his latest invention, the Ultrascope, to observe the planet Nutopia – which has never been seen from Earth. But the Nutopians have an invention of their own: a matter transporter.|
|21||"Robert to the Rescue"||Bill Harris||Dennis Spooner||17 March 1963||24|
|The XL5 crew are imprisoned on an uncharted world by two Domeheads, who intend to wipe their memories and keep them there forever. It is up to Robert the Robot to rescue them.|
|22||"Dangerous Cargo"||John Kelly||Dennis Spooner||24 March 1963||27|
|On a mission to destroy an unstable ghost planet, Zodiac and Matic are caught in a Subterrain trap.|
|23||"Mystery of the TA2"||John Kelly||Dennis Spooner||31 March 1963||23|
|When the XL5 crew find the wreck of a spaceship, their search for pilot Colonel Denton leads them to the planet Arctan – where they find that Denton has become king of the native Ice People.|
|24||"Drama at Space City"||Alan Pattillo||Anthony Marriott||7 April 1963||30|
|Jonathan Zero's unauthorised midnight exploration of XL5 turns into a terrifying adventure when the ship launches and catches fire.|
|25||"1875"||Bill Harris||Anthony Marriott||14 April 1963||28|
|Matic builds a time machine that whisks Zodiac, Venus and Commander Zero back to the Wild West of 1875, where Zodiac becomes a sheriff and Venus and Zero execute a bank robbery.|
|26||"The Granatoid Tanks"||Alan Pattillo||Alan Fennell||21 April 1963||26|
|Scientists on a glass-surfaced planet radio for help when they are menaced by six Granatoid tanks. XL5 is powerless to halt the assault, but a stowaway proves to be of unexpected help.|
|27||"The Robot Freighter Mystery"||David Elliott||Alan Fennell||28 April 1963||29|
|Zodiac resorts to subterfuge to prove that an unscrupulous pair of space salvage contractors, the Briggs Brothers, are sabotaging robot supply freighters so that they can pick up the pieces.|
|28||"Whistle for Danger"||John Kelly||Dennis Spooner||5 May 1963||31|
|A disease has destroyed all plant life on the jungle planet Floran. To eradicate it, the XL5 crew detonate an Ellvium bomb – but Floran's inhabitants suspect their motives and imprison them in a tower.|
|29||"Trial by Robot"||Bill Harris||Alan Fennell||12 May 1963||36|
|Disappearances of robots are linked to Professor Himber. With Robert missing, Zodiac and Matic travel to Planet 82 only to be put on trial by the professor – who is ruler of his kidnapped robot race.|
|30||"A Day in the Life of a Space General"||David Elliott||Alan Fennell||19 May 1963||37|
|Lieutenant Ninety has a nightmare in which he is promoted to the rank of Space General, but his inexperience gets the better of him and his command ends in disaster.|
|31||"Invasion Earth"||Alan Pattillo||Dennis Spooner||26 May 1963||34|
|A strange cloud conceals an alien invasion force.|
|32||"Faster Than Light"||Bill Harris||Dennis Spooner||2 June 1963||32|
|An out-of-control Fireball breaks the light barrier, only to emerge in a sea of air.|
|33||"The Day the Earth Froze"||David Elliott||Alan Fennell||9 June 1963||33|
|Icemen from the planet Zavia deflect the Sun's rays, plunging Earth into a deep freeze.|
|34||"The Fire Fighters"||John Kelly||Alan Fennell||16 June 1963||39|
|Fireballs fall to Earth from a mysterious gas cloud in space. The XL5 crew must contain the cloud before it reaches the atmosphere, but a technical fault forces Steve to complete the work by hand.|
|35||"Space City Special"||Alan Pattillo||Dennis Spooner||23 June 1963||38|
|Named "Astronaut of the Year", Zodiac needs all his skill to talk Venus down after she takes over the controls of a supersonic airliner whose pilot has been put in a trance by the Subterrains.|
|36||"Ghosts of Space"||John Kelly||Alan Fennell||6 October 1963||35|
|Zodiac and a geologist attempt to solve the mysteries of the seemingly deserted planet Electron, which is replete with electric rocks and weird, poltergeistic happenings.|
|37||"Hypnotic Sphere"||Alan Pattillo||Alan Fennell||13 October 1963||2|
|Robert the Robot saves the day when the rest of the XL5 crew is transfixed by a hypnotic sphere that has been hi-jacking space freighters.|
|38||"Sabotage"||John Kelly||Anthony Marriott||20 October 1963||19|
|A neutroni bomb is planted aboard XL5 and its crew are kidnapped.|
|39||"Space Magnet"||Bill Harris||Anthony Marriott||27 October 1963||4|
|An alien race called the Solars have their own use for Earth's moon.|
- Colonel Steve Zodiac (voiced by Paul Maxwell): the pilot and commanding officer of Fireball XL5. In the episode "Space City Special" he is declared "Astronaut of the Year".
- Doctor Venus (voiced by Sylvia Anderson): a doctor of space medicine, of French origin. Zodiac personally selected her to be a member of the XL5 crew. According to the episode "The Last of the Zanadus", Venus has served on the ship for five years.
- Professor Matthew "Matt" Matic (voiced by David Graham): XL5's engineer, navigator and science officer.
- Robert the Robot (voiced by an uncredited Gerry Anderson through an artificial larynx): the co-pilot of XL5, a transparent robot invented by Professor Matic and Earth's most advanced mechanical man.
- Zoonie the Lazoon (voiced by David Graham): Venus' lazy, semi-telepathic pet from planet Colevio. During his early appearances, he can say no more than "welcome home". His vocabulary expands as the series progresses, often due to him mimicking other characters.
- Commander Wilbur Zero (voiced by John Bluthal): the operational commander-in-chief of the World Space Patrol and chief controller of Space City. Despite his gruff exterior, he shows great respect and care for his subordinates, especially Zodiac. Zero's rank appears to be above that of Colonel but below that of Space General.
- Lieutenant Ninety (voiced by David Graham): Space City's assistant controller. He is young, inexperienced and the one most often on the receiving end of Commander Zero's scathing attitude (although Zero also refers to him as "the best lieutenant Space City has"). In one episode he is shown training to be an XL pilot.
- Jock Campbell (voiced by John Bluthal): Space City's chief engineer, of Scottish origin.
- Eleanor and Jonathan Zero (both voiced by Sylvia Anderson): Commander Zero's wife and young son.
- Captain Ken Ross (voiced by John Bluthal): pilot of Fireball XL7. He often needs rescuing by the XL5 crew.
- Mr and Mrs Boris and Griselda Space Spy (voiced by David Graham and Sylvia Anderson): a villainous husband-and-wife pair of Russian origin who first appear in the episode "Spy in Space".
- The Subterrains (voiced by John Bluthal and David Graham): a race of hostile aliens from Planet 46.
Many episodes of Fireball XL5 feature exotic planets:
- Amazonia – a planet mentioned in the episode "Prisoner on the Lost Planet" as being a member of the United Planets Organisation along with Earth and which had banished its mad queen to an unnamed planet of active volcanoes.
- Arctan - an ice planet seen in "Mystery of the TA2" which is inhabited by the Ice People and ruled by "King" Colonel Denton.
- Aridan – a desert planet seen in "Space Pirates" which once had water but is now an arid wilderness.
- Conva – a regularly seen planet introduced in "Space Pen" as a planet-wide prison for criminals and prominently featured in the episode "Convict in Space", in which one of its convicts escapes.
- Granatoid – home of the Granatoid robots who appear in the episode "The Granatoid Tanks" and described as having a completely technocratic society, led by a robot voiced by an uncredited Gerry Anderson.
- Granvenia – a planet mentioned as the destination of fuel tankers that are being diverted to the planet Suventa in the episode "Hypnotic Sphere".
- Hedera – a planet rich in plant life that is visited in "Plant Man from Space" and home of a rampant strain of ivy called Hedera helixa.
- Herbos – a jungle planet seen briefly in "Last of the Zanadus".
- Magneton – a planet visited in "Space Magnet", inhabited by the invisible Solars.
- Membrono – a planet that was nearly destroyed by another, unnamed planet, from the episode "The Doomed Planet". An advanced alien race lived on Membrono's moon.
- Minerra – a planet rich in radioactive minerals needed on Earth, seen in the episode "Space Pirates".
- Mirana – a perpetually burning planet seen in "Hypnotic Sphere".
- Monotane – a desert planet inhabited by a space monster, seen in the episode "Space Monster".
- New Earth – a planet with a thin atmosphere and little gravity that is to be colonised by the crew of the Mayflower III in the episode "Space Immigrants" until Fireball XL7, sent to prepare for Mayflower's arrival, is captured by megalomaniacal aliens.
- Planet 46 – a barren planet with an oxygen atmosphere, home to the Subterrains; introduced in the pilot episode "Planet 46" and featured in several other episodes.
- Planet 73 – a planet colonised by Earth and attacked by the Granatoids in the episode "The Granatoid Tanks".
- Planet 82 – a planet renamed Robotvia by Professor Al Himber.
- Platonia – a planet featured in "Planet of Platonia" which is revealed to be rich in platinum and inhabited by silver-skinned aliens who eat 23-course meals. A trade agreement with Earth has led to a power struggle on the planet, which the XL5 crew is sent to calm.
- Rajusca – a desert planet featured in "Sun Temple", in which the Earth is attacked by the sun-worshipping Rajuscans.
- Suventa – an ice planet that is home to an unnamed brain-creature which hopes to use hypnotic satellites to take control of the universe.
- Triad – a planet featured in the episode "The Triads" which is virtually identical to Earth except for the fact that it is three times its size. Consequently, all organisms on the planet are three times the size they would be on Earth. The gigantic human inhabitants are friendly, but are at least 100 years behind Earth technologically and are just attempting their first space launches when they are visited by the crew of XL5.
- Zanadu – a planet that features a mysterious temple; seen in "Last of the Zanadus".
- Zofeit – a planet featured in the episode "XL5 to H20" whose inhabitants, the Zofeits, have been almost wiped out by a lone alien. The crew of XL5 rescue the two survivors, who are evacuated to Earth.
Tie-ins and home video
The TV series was supplemented by an audio play, Journey to the Moon, which was produced by APF in association with Pye Records. Written by Alan Fennell and released as a 7-inch vinyl EP in February 1965, this was a semi-educational adventure about a sleeping boy who has a dream in which he meets the XL5 crew, who teach him about spaceflight and the Apollo programme. Patrick Moore was scientific advisor on the production.
The series also spawned tie-ins including toys, an MPC playset with rocket ship and figures, model kits, puppets, ray guns, water pistols, comic strips, and annuals. A black-and-white Fireball XL5 comic strip, drawn by Neville Main, ran in TV Comic from 1962 to 1964. In January 1965, the strip moved to the newly-launched TV Century 21 comic, where it remained for the next five years. The comics adventures, written by Tod Sullivan and drawn by Mike Noble, were printed in colour until 1968, when it evolved into a text feature. Four annuals, featuring comic strips and text stories, were published by Collins between 1963 and 1966. The Fireball XL5 strips from TV Century 21 were later reprinted in Countdown (later renamed TV Action) in the years 1971–1972; and again in Engale Marketing's Action 21 in 1988–1989. In the US, Gold Key Comics published a single-issue comic book in 1963; the following year, Little Golden Books published a colour illustrated storybook which was also released in the UK under the title Fireball XL5 – A Big Television Book.
Like most of the Supermarionation series, Fireball XL5 was given a "complete series" DVD release in Region 1 by A&E Home Video. A Region 2 version with new bonus material was released in 2009, superseding a 2004 release that had no extras. Also in 2009, a colourised version of the episode "A Day in the Life of a Space General" was released on Blu-ray Disc.
- : Fusée XL5
- : El Capitán Marte y el XL5. In the version shown in Latin American countries, Colonel Zodiac is called Capitán Marte ("Captain Mars")
- : Πύρινη Σφαίρα (Pyrine Sphaera = Ball of Fire)
- : 宇宙船XL-5 (Uchuusen XL-5 = Spaceship XL-5)
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