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Flora of Connecticut facts for kids

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Mountain Laurel flowers, Connecticut
Mountain Laurel flowers.

The flora of Connecticut comprise a variety of plant species. Geobotanically, Connecticut belongs to the North American Atlantic Region.

Charter Oak in Hartford CT
The Charter Oak


A complete census of tree species taken in 1885 in Hartford County listed 56 species of trees.

List of flora

Scientific name English name Status
Caltha palustris Kingcup or marsh marigold
Cephalanthus occidentalis Buttonbush, button-bush, button-willow or honey-bells
Clethra alnifolia Summersweet or sweet pepperbush
Iris versicolor Blue flag iris or harlequin blueflag
Kalmia latifolia Mountain laurel
Quercus alba White oak
Ranunculus septentrionalis Swamp buttercup
Rhododendron viscosum Clammy azalea or swamp azalea
Symplocarpus foetidus Eastern skunk cabbage

Floral regions

A large part of the state of Connecticut is covered with oak-hickory type central hardwood forest. This region was historically dominated by various oaks and chestnuts, but hickory replaced chestnut with the spread of the chestnut blight.

In the northwestern hills of the state, more northern-hardwood type trees are present.

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