Frédéric Chopin facts for kids

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Fryderyk Chopin
Chopin in 1849
Chopin in 1849
Born 1 March 1810
Żelazowa Wola, Poland
Died 17 October 1849
Paris, France
Occupation Composer, pianist
Notable works Military Polonaise
Black Key Etude
Minute Waltz
Nocturne in E flat major

Fryderyk Franciszek Chopin (1 March 1810 – 17 October 1849) was a Polish-French composer and virtuoso pianist. He is considered one of the greatest Romantic piano composers. Chopin was born in Żelazowa Wola, a village in the Duchy of Warsaw. A famous child prodigy, he grew up in Warsaw where he completed his music education and composed many of his mature works in before leaving Poland in 1831 at age 21, shortly before the November 1830 Uprising.

After the Uprising, he lived in Paris as part of Poland's Great Emigration. During the last 19 years of his life, Chopin performed only about 30 times, usually in a salon. He supported himself by selling his compositions and teaching piano. Chopin suffered from poor health most of his life and died of tuberculosis Paris in 1849 at age 39.

Since he composed many piano pieces, he was called the poet of the piano. Most of Chopin's works are for solo piano, though he also wrote two piano concertos, a few chamber pieces and some songs to Polish lyrics. His piano works are often technically difficult, especially because deep expression is involved along with the importance of considering each detail in his music. Chopin also created the instrumental ballade, along with the addition of new ideas to the piano sonata, mazurka, waltz, nocturne, polonaise, étude, impromptu, scherzo and prélude.

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