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Genoa, Illinois facts for kids

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City of Genoa, Illinois
Location of Genoa in DeKalb County, Illinois.
Location of Genoa in DeKalb County, Illinois.
Country United States
State Illinois
County DeKalb
Incorporated 1876
 • Total 2.64 sq mi (6.85 km2)
 • Land 2.59 sq mi (6.71 km2)
 • Water 0.05 sq mi (0.14 km2)
 • Total 5,298
 • Density 2,045.56/sq mi (789.67/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
FIPS code 17-28898

Genoa is a city in the north-east corner of DeKalb County, Illinois, United States. It is located on the historic Galena-Chicago stagecoach route. At the 2020 census the city had a population of 5,298, up from 5,193 in 2010.


Genoa was settled as early as 1835 by Thomas Madison, an American Revolutionary War soldier from Ashtabula County, Ohio. He named Genoa after a town of the same name in New York. Genoa was incorporated as a village in 1876 and as a city on September 9, 1911.


According to the 2010 census, Genoa has a total area of 2.655 square miles (6.88 km2), of which 2.6 square miles (6.73 km2) (or 97.93%) is land and 0.055 square miles (0.14 km2) (or 2.07%) is water.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 449
1890 634 41.2%
1900 1,140 79.8%
1910 1,257 10.3%
1920 1,228 −2.3%
1930 1,168 −4.9%
1940 1,290 10.4%
1950 1,690 31.0%
1960 2,330 37.9%
1970 3,003 28.9%
1980 3,276 9.1%
1990 3,083 −5.9%
2000 4,169 35.2%
2010 5,193 24.6%
2020 5,298 2.0%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2000, there were 4,169 people, 1,555 households, and 1,119 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,178.8 people per square mile (842.8/km2). There were 1,597 housing units at an average density of 834.6 per square mile (322.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 95.27% White, 0.14% African American, 0.19% Native American, 0.29% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 3.14% from other races, and 0.94% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 10.65% of the population.

There were 1,555 households, out of which 41.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.6% were married couples living together, 10.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.0% were non-families. 24.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 3.21.

In the city the population was spread out, with 30.6% under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 36.0% from 25 to 44, 16.1% from 45 to 64, and 9.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $48,125, and the median income for a family was $53,523. Males had a median income of $42,054 versus $28,060 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,239. About 2.1% of families and 3.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.9% of those under age 18 and 8.6% of those age 65 or over.


Genoa is part of the Genoa-Kingston (GK) School District with nearby village Kingston. The district has four Public Schools: Kingston Elementary School (Grades K-2), Genoa Elementary School (Grades 3-5), Genoa-Kingston Middle School (Grades 6-8) and Genoa-Kingston High School (Grades 9-12). The school district's mascot is a “Cog”, and the school sports teams are the G-K Cogs (Acronym for Community of Genoa Schools) with the colors being royal blue and orange.


Girls athletics include basketball, cheer leading, cross country, dance team, golf, soccer, softball, track and field, and volleyball. Boys athletics include football, baseball, basketball, cross country, golf, soccer, track and field, and wrestling. Genoa-Kingston High School competes in the Big Northern Conference (BNC), while Genoa-Kingston Middle School competes in the Mid-Northern Conference (MNC).

Notable Person

  • Edward D. Shurtleff, Illinois state legislator and jurist, was born in Genoa.
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