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Gnassingbé Eyadéma
Gnassingbé Eyadema, 1972.jpg
Eyadéma in 1972
3rd President of Togo
In office
14 April 1967 – 5 February 2005
Prime Minister Joseph Kokou Koffigoh
Edem Kodjo
Kwassi Klutse
Eugene Koffi Adoboli
Agbéyomé Kodjo
Koffi Sama
Preceded by Kléber Dadjo
Succeeded by Faure Gnassingbé
Chairperson of ECOWAS
In office
9 November 1975 – 1 June 1978
Preceded by Yakubu Gowon
Succeeded by Olusegun Obasanjo
In office
3 June 1980 – 2 April 1981
Preceded by Léopold Sédar Senghor
Succeeded by Siaka Stevens
In office
7 July 1999 – 8 September 1999
Preceded by Abdulsalami Abubakar
Succeeded by Alpha Oumar Konaré
Personal details
Born (1935-12-26)26 December 1935
Pya, French Togoland
Died 5 February 2005(2005-02-05) (aged 69)
near Tunis, Tunisia
Nationality Togolese
Political party Rally of the Togolese People

Gnassingbé Eyadéma ( born Étienne Eyadéma, 26 December 1935 – 5 February 2005) was the President of Togo from 1967 until his death in 2005. He participated in two successful military coups, in January 1963 and January 1967, and became President on 14 April 1967.

As President, he created a political party, the Rally of the Togolese People (RPT), and headed an anti-communist single-party regime until the early 1990s, when reforms leading to multiparty elections began. Although his rule was seriously challenged by the events of the early 1990s, he ultimately consolidated power again and won multiparty presidential elections in 1993, 1998 and 2003; the opposition boycotted the 1993 election and denounced the 1998 and 2003 election results as fraudulent. At the time of his death, Eyadéma was the longest-serving ruler in Africa.

According to a 2018 study, "Gnassingbé Eyadema's rule rested on repression, patronage, and a bizarre leadership cult."

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