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Léopold Sédar Senghor
Léopold Sédar Senghor.jpg
1st President of Senegal
In office
6 September 1960 – 31 December 1980
Prime Minister Abdou Diouf
Preceded by Office created
Succeeded by Abdou Diouf
Personal details
Born (1906-10-09)9 October 1906
Joal, French West Africa (present-day Senegal)
Died 20 December 2001(2001-12-20) (aged 95)
Verson, France
Political party Socialist Party of Senegal
Spouse(s) Ginette Éboué (1946-1956)
Colette Hubert Senghor (m. 1957–2001)
; his death
Alma mater University of Paris
Signature

Léopold Sédar Senghor (9 October 1906 – 20 December 2001) was a Senegalese poet, politician, and cultural theorist. Hw served as the first president of Senegal (1960–80). Ideologically an African socialist, he was associated with the Négritude movement. He was the founder of the Senegalese Democratic Bloc party.

Senghor was the first African elected as a member of the Académie française. He is regarded by many as one of the most important African intellectuals of the 20th century.

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