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The Supreme Combatant
President

Habib Bourguiba
الحبيب بورقيبة
Bourguiba portrait.JPG
1st President of Tunisia
In office
25 July 1957 – 7 November 1987
Interim: 25 July 1957 – 8 November 1959
Prime Minister Bahi Ladgham
Hédi Nouira
Mohammed Mzali
Rachid Sfar
Zine El-Abidine Ben Ali
Preceded by Office created
(Muhammad VIII as King of Tunisia)
Succeeded by Zine El-Abidine Ben Ali
2nd Prime minister of the Kingdom of Tunisia
20th Head of government
In office
11 April 1956 – 25 July 1957
Monarch King Muhammad VIII
Preceded by Tahar Ben Ammar
Succeeded by Office abolished
1st Minister of Foreign Affairs
In office
15 April 1956 – 29 July 1957
Monarch King Muhammad VIII
Preceded by Office created
Succeeded by Sadok Mokaddem
1st Minister of Defense
In office
15 April 1956 – 29 July 1957
Monarch King Muhammad VIII
Preceded by Office created
Succeeded by Bahi Ladgham
1st Speaker of the National Constituent Assembly
In office
9 April 1956 – 15 April 1956
Monarch King Muhammad VIII
Preceded by First officeholder
Succeeded by Jallouli Fares
Personal details
Born
Habib Ibn Ali Bourguiba

(1903-08-03)3 August 1903
Monastir, Regency of Tunisia
Died 6 April 2000(2000-04-06) (aged 96)
Monastir, Tunisia
Resting place Bourguiba mausoleum
Monastir, Tunisia
Citizenship Tunisian
Political party Socialist Destourian Party (1964–87)
Other political
affiliations
Neo Destour (1934–64)
Destourian Movement (1930–34)
Spouse(s)
  • Mathilde Lorrain
    (m. 1927; divorce 1961)
  • Wassila Ben Ammar
    (m. 1962; divorce 1986)
Children Jean Habib Bourguiba
Hajer Bourguiba (adoptive)
Mother Fattouma Khefacha
Father Ali Bourguiba
Relatives M'hamed Bourguiba (brother)
Mahmoud Bourguiba (brother)
Alma mater University of Paris
Occupation Political activist
Profession Lawyer
Signature

Habib Ben Ali Bourguiba (Arabic: الحبيب بورقيبة al-Ḥabīb Būrqībah; 3 August 1903 – 6 April 2000) was a Tunisian lawyer, nationalist leader and statesman.

Bourguiba served as the country's leader from independence in 1956 to 1987. He first served as the second Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Tunisia before proclaiming the Tunisian Republic in 1957 and thus becoming the first President of Tunisia.

Before to that, he played a major role in obtaining independence from France, ending the 75 years old protectorate and earning the title of "Supreme Combatant".


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