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Aimé Fernand David Césaire
An image of Aimé Césaire in 2003 on a desk reading the cover of a book.
Aimé Césaire in 2003
Aimé Fernand David Césaire

(1913-06-26)26 June 1913
Died 17 April 2008(2008-04-17) (aged 94)
Fort-de-France, Martinique, Overseas France
Alma mater École Normale Supérieure, University of Paris
Known for Poet, politician
Political party Martinican Progressive Party
Spouse(s) Suzanne Roussi (m. 1937)

Aimé Fernand David Césaire ( 26 June 1913 – 17 April 2008) was a Francophone and Martinican poet, an Afro-Caribbean author and politician from the region of Martinique. He was "one of the founders of the négritude movement in Francophone literature". His works include the book-length poem Cahier d'un retour au pays natal (1939), Une Tempête, a response to Shakespeare's play The Tempest, and Discours sur le colonialisme (Discourse on Colonialism), an essay describing the strife between the colonizers and the colonized. His works have been translated into many languages.

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