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Gould, Arkansas
City
Gould water tower
Gould water tower
Location in Lincoln County, Arkansas
Location in Lincoln County, Arkansas
Country United States
State Arkansas
County Lincoln
Area
 • Total 1.55 sq mi (4.02 km2)
 • Land 1.55 sq mi (4.02 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
164 ft (50 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 663
 • Density 427.47/sq mi (165.06/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
71643
Area code(s) 870
FIPS code 05-27730
GNIS feature ID 0077045

Gould is a city in Lincoln County, Arkansas, United States. Its population was 837 at the 2010 census, down from 1,305 at the 2000 census. It is included in the Pine Bluff, Arkansas Metropolitan Statistical Area. Gould is a farming community. It was named after the American railroad magnate Jay Gould.

Geography

Gould is located at 33°59′9″N 91°33′42″W / 33.98583°N 91.56167°W / 33.98583; -91.56167 (33.985920, -91.561578).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.5 square miles (3.9 km2), all of it land. It sits near the western edge of the Arkansas Delta in the Delta Lowlands sub-region.

Gould is about 70 miles (110 km) southeast of Little Rock. The area is in proximity to the Cummins Unit state prison, as well as the Varner Unit state prison.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 57
1920 318 457.9%
1930 827 160.1%
1940 908 9.8%
1950 1,076 18.5%
1960 1,210 12.5%
1970 1,386 14.5%
1980 1,671 20.6%
1990 1,470 −12.0%
2000 1,305 −11.2%
2010 837 −35.9%
2020 663 −20.8%
U.S. Decennial Census

2020 census

Gould racial composition
Race Number Percentage
White (non-Hispanic) 68 10.26%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 570 85.97%
Native American 2 0.3%
Other/Mixed 14 2.11%
Hispanic or Latino 9 1.36%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 663 people, 408 households, and 196 families residing in the city.

Bankruptcy

In 2008 the town declared Chapter 9 bankruptcy.

Education

The Dumas Public School District serves Gould. Previously the Gould School District served Gould. In 2004 the Arkansas Legislature approved a law that forced school districts with fewer than 350 students apiece to consolidate with other districts. As a result, on July 1, 2004, the Gould district merged into the Dumas district. In the fall of 2005 the district planned to move all Gould students in grades 7-12 to the Dumas schools, and considered doing the same to the elementary school students from Gould.

Prior to the advent of court-mandated integration, separate schools were maintained for black students. When integration occurred, the backlash resulted in the establishment of Southeast Academy, a segregation academy, which opened in 1968 with 113 students.

Notable people

  • Cleo Miller, retired running back for the Kansas City Chiefs and the Cleveland Browns; born in Gould
  • Ozell Sutton, civil rights activist, born near Gould on a plantation
  • John Donley, award-winning writer of many sitcoms including Good Times and Sanford and Son.
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