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Hornby
Clock Tower Building Hornby Christchurch New Zealand.JPG
The Hornby Clocktower building in 2011, a landmark of the suburb prior to its demolition in 2014
Basic information
Local authority Christchurch
Electoral ward Hornby
Land area 1,156 ha (4.46 sq mi)*
Coordinates 43°33′S 172°32′E / 43.550°S 172.533°E / -43.550; 172.533
Population 7740 (June 2021)
Surrounds
North Hei Hei
Northeast Sockburn
East Wigram
Southeast Aidanfield
South Prebbleton
West Islington

Hornby is a major residential and retail suburb at the western edge of Christchurch, New Zealand. The suburb is directly connected to other parts of Christchurch and the South Island by a number of main arterial routes, including State Highway 1 and the Christchurch Southern Motorway.

Naming and history

Hornby was apparently named by Frederick William Delamain, who came to Christchurch from England in 1852. The name reportedly refers to Hornby-with-Farleton in Lancashire. The second possible explanation of the name is that it refers to Geoffrey Hornby, who was the Admiral of the British flying squadron and who visited Christchurch in 1870. The post office was originally called Southbridge Junction, which was renamed to Hornby on 2 September 1878.

Location and services

Hornby is located on an important road junction on New Zealand State Highway 1 where southbound traffic turns sharply west, continuing towards to Dunedin and other points south. Northbound connects to Picton via the Christchurch International Airport.

Hornby contains a large retail mall named 'The Hub Hornby', which is the westernmost within the Christchurch urban area. The suburb, which could almost be considered a town in its own right, is separated from the heart of the city by Wigram Aerodrome and the industrial estates of Sockburn to the east. Hornby is home to a velodrome and a BMX track. It has annually hosted the "Westside Party in the Park" for the last several years.

Hornby is the location where Kempthorne Prosser Limited set up their large chemical fertiliser works in 1922 that are now operated by Ravensdown Fertiliser.

The Hornby area contains six schools: South Hornby Primary, Hornby Primary, Gilberthorpes Primary, Sockburn Primary, St. Bernadettes, and Hornby High School.

The Hornby area contains many sports clubs. These include : Hornby Netball Club, Christchurch Junior Cricket Association, Hornby Soccer, Westside Sports Club, Hornby Touch Club, ISL Hornby Women's Football Club, Burnham Golf Club, Hornby Working Men's Club and Pegasus Cycling Club.


Economy

Retail

Hornby contains two large retail malls, located either side of State Highway 1 to the west of the main junction.

The Hub Hornby opened in 1976. It has a lettable area of 4,000 m². It has more than 800 carparks and 82 tenants, including Pak'nSave and Farmers.

Outlet mall Dress Smart Christchurch opened to the south in 1999. Following an expansion in 2005, it covers 7,117 m², with 53 stores and 347 carparks.

Demographics

Hornby comprises four statistical areas.

Individual statistical areas
Name Population Households Median age Median income
Hornby Central 135 45 43.4 years $35,000
Hornby West 2,493 894 36.7 years $32,500
Hornby South 4,443 1,692 35 years $31,900
Islington-Hornby Industrial 342 135 50.1 years $30,800
New Zealand 37.4 years $31,800

Commercial area

The Hornby Central statistical area covers 2.27 km2 (0.88 sq mi) on the north side of Hornby. It had an estimated population of 150 as of June 2021, with a population density of 21 people per km2.

Historical population for Hornby Central
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
2006 156 —    
2013 120 −3.68%
2018 135 +2.38%

Hornby Central had a population of 135 at the 2018 New Zealand census, an increase of 15 people (12.5%) since the 2013 census, and a decrease of 21 people (-13.5%) since the 2006 census. There were 45 households. There were 75 males and 57 females, giving a sex ratio of 1.32 males per female. The median age was 43.4 years (compared with 37.4 years nationally), with 15 people (11.1%) aged under 15 years, 30 (22.2%) aged 15 to 29, 75 (55.6%) aged 30 to 64, and 12 (8.9%) aged 65 or older.

Ethnicities were 68.9% European/Pākehā, 15.6% Māori, 6.7% Pacific peoples, 17.8% Asian, and 2.2% other ethnicities (totals add to more than 100% since people could identify with multiple ethnicities).

The proportion of people born overseas was 26.7%, compared with 27.1% nationally.

Although some people objected to giving their religion, 51.1% had no religion, 33.3% were Christian and 6.7% had other religions.

Of those at least 15 years old, 12 (10.0%) people had a bachelor or higher degree, and 24 (20.0%) people had no formal qualifications. The median income was $35,000, compared with $31,800 nationally. The employment status of those at least 15 was that 66 (55.0%) people were employed full-time, 15 (12.5%) were part-time, and 12 (10.0%) were unemployed.

Residential Hornby

The residential areas of Hornby, comprising the statistical areas of Hornby West and Hornby South, cover 2.11 km2 (0.81 sq mi). They had an estimated population of 7250 as of June 2021, with a population density of 3436 people per km2.

Historical population for residential areas
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
2006 6,303 —    
2013 6,612 +0.69%
2018 6,936 +0.96%

The residential areas of Hornby had a population of 6,936 at the 2018 New Zealand census, an increase of 324 people (4.9%) since the 2013 census, and an increase of 633 people (10.0%) since the 2006 census. There were 2,586 households. There were 3,552 males and 3,387 females, giving a sex ratio of 1.05 males per female, with 1,191 people (17.2%) aged under 15 years, 1,608 (23.2%) aged 15 to 29, 3,114 (44.9%) aged 30 to 64, and 1,023 (14.7%) aged 65 or older.

Ethnicities were 69.1% European/Pākehā, 12.9% Māori, 6.0% Pacific peoples, 20.8% Asian, and 2.6% other ethnicities (totals add to more than 100% since people could identify with multiple ethnicities).

The proportion of people born overseas was 26.6%, compared with 27.1% nationally.

Although some people objected to giving their religion, 49.0% had no religion, 36.7% were Christian, 2.6% were Hindu, 1.0% were Muslim, 1.1% were Buddhist and 2.9% had other religions.

Of those at least 15 years old, 711 (12.4%) people had a bachelor or higher degree, and 1,419 (24.7%) people had no formal qualifications. The employment status of those at least 15 was that 3,117 (54.3%) people were employed full-time, 684 (11.9%) were part-time, and 219 (3.8%) were unemployed.

Islington-Hornby Industrial area

The Islington-Hornby Industrial area covers 7.18 km2 (2.77 sq mi) to the south of Hornby. It had an estimated population of 340 as of June 2021, with a population density of 47 people per km2.

Historical population for Islington-Hornby Industrial
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
2006 417 —    
2013 381 −1.28%
2018 342 −2.14%

Islington-Hornby Industrial had a population of 342 at the 2018 New Zealand census, a decrease of 39 people (-10.2%) since the 2013 census, and a decrease of 75 people (-18.0%) since the 2006 census. There were 135 households. There were 189 males and 153 females, giving a sex ratio of 1.24 males per female. The median age was 50.1 years (compared with 37.4 years nationally), with 30 people (8.8%) aged under 15 years, 60 (17.5%) aged 15 to 29, 192 (56.1%) aged 30 to 64, and 60 (17.5%) aged 65 or older.

Ethnicities were 79.8% European/Pākehā, 11.4% Māori, 7.9% Pacific peoples, 7.9% Asian, and 0.9% other ethnicities (totals add to more than 100% since people could identify with multiple ethnicities).

The proportion of people born overseas was 16.7%, compared with 27.1% nationally.

Although some people objected to giving their religion, 58.8% had no religion, 32.5% were Christian, 0.9% were Muslim, 0.9% were Buddhist and 1.8% had other religions.

Of those at least 15 years old, 21 (6.7%) people had a bachelor or higher degree, and 102 (32.7%) people had no formal qualifications. The median income was $30,800, compared with $31,800 nationally. The employment status of those at least 15 was that 171 (54.8%) people were employed full-time, 33 (10.6%) were part-time, and 9 (2.9%) were unemployed.

Sport

The Hornby area contains many sports clubs. These include : Hornby Netball Club, Christchurch Junior Cricket Association, Hornby Soccer, Westside Sports Club, Hornby Touch Club, ISL Hornby Women's Football Club, Burnham Golf Club, Hornby Working Men's Club and Pegasus Cycling Club.

Education

Hornby High School is a secondary school for years 7 to 13 with a roll of 653 students. The school opened in 1975.

Hornby Primary School and South Hornby School are contributing primary schools catering for years 1 to 6. They have rolls of 212 and 232, respectively. Hornby Primary opened in 1895.

All these schools are coeducational. Rolls are as of July 2016.

Transport

Hornby is located on an important road junction on State Highway 1, where southbound traffic turns sharply west, continuing towards to Dunedin and other points south. Northbound connects to Picton via the Christchurch International Airport. This junction also connects traffic to the nearby suburbs of Sockburn and Riccarton towards the central city, and south to the Christchurch Southern Motorway, which forms part of State Highway 76.

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