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Hotak Empire

Flag of Hotak Empire
Hotak Empire at its peak (1722–1729)
Hotak Empire at its peak (1722–1729)
Capital Kandahar
Common languages Pashto and Persian (poetry)
Sunni Islam
Government Absolute monarchy
• 1709–1715
Mirwais Hotak
• 1715–1717
Abdul Aziz Hotak
• 1717–1725
Mahmud Hotak
Historical era Early modern period
21 April 1709
• Siege of Kandahar
24 March 1738
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Safavid Iran
Mughal Empire
Afsharid dynasty

The Hotaki dynasty was founded in 1709 by Mirwais Hotak at Kandahar, Afghanistan. It was made up of Pashtuns (ethnic Afghans) who belonged to the Hotak tribe of Pashtuns. They revolted and made their land independent from foreign ruler, but later they invaded Persia and defeated the great Persian Empire of the Shi'a Safavids.

Mahmud Hotaki, son of Mirwais, ruled Persia until he died in 1725 and then his cousin Ashraf ruled until 1729 when Nader Shah Afshar defeated him.

The last king was Hussain Hotaki in Kandahar until he was defeated by Nader Shah in 1738.


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