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Iguaçu Falls facts for kids

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Iguazu Falls
Location Argentina: Misiones Province Brazil: Paraná State
Type Cataract
Total height 60–82 metres (197–269 ft)
Total width 2.7 kilometres (1.7 mi)
Height of longest drop 82 metres (269 ft)
Number of drops 275
Average flow rate 1,756 m3/s (62,010 cu ft/s)
Watercourse Iguazu River

Iguazu Falls are waterfalls of the Iguaçu River located on the border of the Brazilian state of Paraná (in the Southern Region) and the Argentine province of Misiones.

The waterfall system consists of almost 300 falls, with heights of up to 70 meters, along 2.7 kilometres of the Iguassu River. The Garganta del Diablo ("Devil's Throat"), a U shaped 150 meters wide and 700 meters long cliff, is the most impressive of them all, and marks the border between Argentina and Brazil. Most of the falls are within Argentine territory, but from the Brazilian side (600 meters) a more panoramic view of the Garganta del Diable is obtained.

The Falls are shared by the Iguazú National Park (Argentina) and Iguaçu National Park (Brazil). These parks were designated UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 1984 and 1986 respectively.

The name Iguassu comes from the Guarani words y (water) and guasu (big). The legend says that a god pretended to marry a beautiful aborigine named Naipú, who fled with her mortal lover in a canoe. In rage, the god sliced the river creating the waterfalls, condemning the lovers to an eternal fall.

Near the waterfall, on either side, two main towns are located; Foz do Iguaçu, a major city located in the Brazilian state of Paraná, and Puerto Iguazú, located in the Argentine province of Misiones. Other important tourist attractions near the falls is the Itaipu hydroelectric power plant.

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