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J. L. Hudson Department Store and Addition facts for kids

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J.L. Hudson's Department Store and Addition
Postcard c. 1951
General information
Status Demolished
Type Retail, Office space
Location 1206 Woodward Avenue
Detroit, Michigan
Coordinates 42°20′01″N 83°02′53″W / 42.3337°N 83.0480°W / 42.3337; -83.0480
Construction started 1911
Completed 1946
Opening 1911
Closed January 17, 1983 to October 1986
Demolished October 1997 to October 24, 1998
Antenna spire 520 ft (160 m)
Roof 439 ft (134 m)
Technical details
Floor count 29
Floor area 2,200,000 sq ft (200,000 m2)
Design and construction
Architect Smith, Hinchman, & Grylls

The J.L. Hudson Building ("Hudson's") was a department store located at 1206 Woodward Avenue in downtown Detroit, Michigan. It was constructed beginning in 1911, with additions throughout the years, before being "completed" in 1946, and named after the company's founder, Joseph Lowthian Hudson. Hudson's first building on the site opened in 1891 but was demolished in 1923 for a new structure. It was the flagship store for the Hudson's chain. The building was demolished in a controlled demolition on October 24, 1998, with many people watching from Hart Plaza (Detroit) and Dieppe Gardens (Windsor, Ontario). It was the tallest building ever imploded.

The structure

Designed by Smith, Hinchman, & Grylls, Hudson's consisted of approximately 33 levels: five basements, main floor, mezzanine, 2nd through 15th floors, 15 1/2 floor, 16th through 21st floors, 21 1/2 floor, and 22nd through 25th floors. Only the upper two basements through the 12th floor covered the entire footprint of the structure. A tower rose over 400 feet above the Farmer Street side. On all four sides, porcelain-covered copper letters spelled "HUDSON'S" in red neon.

A window of the J.L. Hudson Building

Hudson's boasted about 2.2 million sq. ft. of retail and office space, included several restaurants and was built in the Chicago School architectural style. The facade was red brick above the second floor. Below that, it consisted of polished pink granite panels. Terra-cotta cornices and rosettes were extensively employed, along with ornamental ironwork. "JLH"-emblazoned ovals decorated frosted windows on the mezzanine and 3rd through 5th floors.

The building measured 439 feet (134 m) tall from its second basement to the top of the penthouse tower. It was also topped by a 110 feet (34 m) high flagpole.

The store closed January 17, 1983 (at the nadir of downtown Detroit's decline).

After closure, Hudson's maintained its headquarters staff of about 1,100 in the downtown store. In May 1984, The J.L. Hudson Co. formally merged into the Department Store Division of the Dayton Hudson Corp., although Hudson's stores continued to carry the Hudson's name. All executive and buying positions transferred to Minneapolis, and other staff moved to space at the Northland Center store in Southfield. The last corporate department in the downtown Detroit building, credit operations, moved in October 1986. Dayton Hudson sold the building in December 1989.

Hudson's was demolished by Controlled Demolition, Inc. at exactly 5:47 pm EST on October 24, 1998. 20,000 people watched as the building was imploded — turning it into a 60-foot (18 m) tall pile of debris. The demolition shattered windows on many then-still-abandoned retail buildings across Woodward Avenue, created a large debris and dust cloud that shrouded many parts of downtown Detroit as far south as Jefferson Avenue in dust (including thousands of people and vehicles) and accidentally damaged a section of the elevated Detroit People Mover.

The city constructed a 955-spot, four-level Underground parking garage at the site using parts of the basement of the demolished tower in 2001.


In November 2013, Bedrock Detroit, who would be granted development rights of the two-acre city-owned site, hired New York-based SHoP Architects and Detroit-based Hamilton Anderson Associates to lead the design process of redevelopment on the site. Bedrock broke ground on the development on December 14, 2017; the plans include a tower of 62 stories and 912 feet (278 m) and a mid-rise building of 14 stories. The project is expected to open in 2022.


  • Tallest department store / retail building in the world.
  • Second largest department store building in the United States, exceeded by Macy's Herald Square in New York City.
  • Tallest building to have a controlled implosion.
  • Second largest building to have a controlled implosion, after the Sears Merchandise Center, which was imploded in 1994.
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