Jaca Cathedral facts for kids
Cathedral of Saint Peter the Apostle of Jaca
Catedral de San Pedro Apóstol
Side entrance of the Cathedral
|Ecclesiastical or organizational status||Cathedral|
It is the first Romanesque cathedral built in Aragon (1070s-early 12th century) and one of the oldest in the Iberian peninsula. Its current appearance is the result of later additions and modifications introduced especially in modern times (late 15th-late 18th centuries). The cathedral was erected by will of King Sancho Ramírez.
After Jaca became the capital of Aragon (1036), the city obtained the status of episcopal see in 1077. This made the construction of a cathedral church necessary. The starting date of the construction is unknown, but it is generally set at around that date. The main section of the church was completed around 1130. In 1395 a fire destroyed the cathedral's ceiling, which was rebuilt in the following years and was substantially renovated in the early 16th century. The cathedral has a generally Romanesque structure, although several elements are in Gothic, Renaissance and Baroque style.
Artworks in the interior include the altarpiece of the St. Michael Chapel, sculpted by Gil Morales the Younger, Gabriel Yoli, Juan de Salas and the Florentine Giovanni de Moreto (or Moretto). The latter also directed the construction of the Chapel, which is considered amongst the finest examples of the Renaissance-Plateresque architecture in Aragon. The altarpiece of the high altar was finished in the early 17th century. The decoration of the central apse was painted by Manuel Bayeu, brother-in-law of Francisco Goya, in 1792-1793.
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Jaca Cathedral Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.