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Jaca Cathedral
Cathedral of Saint Peter the Apostle of Jaca
Catedral de San Pedro Apóstol

Side entrance of the Cathedral

Basic information
Location Jaca, Spain
Geographic coordinates 42°34′13.8″N 0°32′56.8″W / 42.5705°N 0.549111°W / 42.5705; -0.549111Coordinates: 42°34′13.8″N 0°32′56.8″W / 42.5705°N 0.549111°W / 42.5705; -0.549111
Affiliation Roman Catholic
Ecclesiastical or organizational status Cathedral
Architectural description
Architectural type Church
Architectural style Romanesque
Groundbreaking 11th century
Completed 12th century

The Cathedral of St Peter the Apostle (Spanish: Catedral de San Pedro Apóstol) is the cathedral church of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Jaca located in Jaca, in Aragon, Spain.

It is the first Romanesque cathedral built in Aragon (1070s-early 12th century) and one of the oldest in the Iberian peninsula. Its current appearance is the result of later additions and modifications introduced especially in modern times (late 15th-late 18th centuries). The cathedral was erected by will of King Sancho Ramírez.

History

After Jaca became the capital of Aragon (1036), the city obtained the status of episcopal see in 1077. This made the construction of a cathedral church necessary. The starting date of the construction is unknown, but it is generally set at around that date. The main section of the church was completed around 1130. In 1395 a fire destroyed the cathedral's ceiling, which was rebuilt in the following years and was substantially renovated in the early 16th century. The cathedral has a generally Romanesque structure, although several elements are in Gothic, Renaissance and Baroque style.

Artworks in the interior include the altarpiece of the St. Michael Chapel, sculpted by Gil Morales the Younger, Gabriel Yoli, Juan de Salas and the Florentine Giovanni de Moreto (or Moretto). The latter also directed the construction of the Chapel, which is considered amongst the finest examples of the Renaissance-Plateresque architecture in Aragon. The altarpiece of the high altar was finished in the early 17th century. The decoration of the central apse was painted by Manuel Bayeu, brother-in-law of Francisco Goya, in 1792-1793.

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