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John Smythe Richardson
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from South Carolina's 1st district
In office
March 4, 1879 – March 3, 1883
Preceded by Joseph H. Rainey
Succeeded by Samuel Dibble
Member of the South Carolina House of Representatives from Sumter County
In office
November 27, 1865 – December 21, 1866
Personal details
Born (1828-02-29)February 29, 1828
Sumter, South Carolina
Died February 24, 1894(1894-02-24) (aged 65)
Sumter, South Carolina
Resting place Sumter, South Carolina
Political party Democratic
Alma mater South Carolina College
Profession lawyer
Military service
Allegiance  Confederate States of America
Branch/service  Confederate States of America Army
Years of service 1861–1865
Rank Confederate States of America Captain.png Captain

John Smythe Richardson (February 29, 1828 – February 24, 1894) was a U.S. Representative from South Carolina.

Born on the Bloomhill plantation, near Sumter, South Carolina, Richardson pursued an academic course in Cokesbury, South Carolina, and was studied law at the South Carolina College (now the University of South Carolina) at Columbia, graduating in 1850. He was admitted to the bar in 1852 and began practice in Sumter, South Carolina.

During the Civil War, he entered the Confederate States Army as a captain of Infantry. He was later promoted to adjutant of the Twenty-third Regiment, South Carolina Infantry, and served until the close of the war in 1865. He served as member of the South Carolina House of Representatives in 1865–1867. He was appointed an agent of the State of South Carolina in 1866 to apply for and receive the land script donated to South Carolina by Congress. He served as delegate to the 1876 Democratic National Convention.

Richardson was elected as a Democrat to the Forty-sixth and Forty-seventh Congresses (March 4, 1879 – March 3, 1883). He served as master in equity for Sumter County in 1884–1893. He died at his country home, "Shadyside," near Sumter, South Carolina, on February 24, 1894. He was interred in Sumter Cemetery.

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