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Sumter County, South Carolina facts for kids

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Sumter County
Sumter County Courthouse, Sumter
Sumter County Courthouse, Sumter
Map of South Carolina highlighting Sumter County
Location within the U.S. state of South Carolina
Map of the United States highlighting South Carolina
South Carolina's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  South Carolina
Founded 1800
Named for Thomas Sumter
Seat Sumter
Largest city Sumter
 • Total 682 sq mi (1,770 km2)
 • Land 665 sq mi (1,720 km2)
 • Water 17 sq mi (40 km2)  2.5%%
 • Total 107,456
 • Estimate 
 • Density 157.56/sq mi (60.83/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional districts 5th, 6th

Sumter County is a county located in the U.S. state of South Carolina. As of the 2010 census, the population was 107,456. In a 2018 census estimate, the population was 106,512. Its county seat is Sumter.

Sumter County comprises the Sumter, South Carolina Metropolitan Statistical Area, which, combined with neighboring Lee and Clarendon counties, formed the Sumter-Bishopville-Manning Combined Statistical Area, otherwise known as the "East Midlands" area.

It is the home of Shaw AFB, headquarters to the 9th Air Force, AFCENT, United States Army Central, with a number of other tenant units. It is one of largest bases in the USAF's Air Combat Command.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 682 square miles (1,770 km2), of which 665 square miles (1,720 km2) is land and 17 square miles (44 km2) (2.5%) is water. It is drained by the Black River and its tributaries. Its western border is formed by the Wateree River. One of South Carolina's most famous areas are the High Hills of Santee comprising the western part of the county.The county is one of five that borders Lake Marion, also known as South Carolina's "Inland Sea."

Adjacent counties


Thomas sumter 1352
Statue of Thomas Sumter on the courthouse lawn in Sumter
Historical population
Census Pop.
1800 3,571
1810 19,054 433.6%
1820 25,269 32.6%
1830 28,277 11.9%
1840 27,892 −1.4%
1850 33,220 19.1%
1860 23,859 −28.2%
1870 25,268 5.9%
1880 37,037 46.6%
1890 43,605 17.7%
1900 51,237 17.5%
1910 38,472 −24.9%
1920 43,040 11.9%
1930 45,902 6.6%
1940 52,463 14.3%
1950 57,634 9.9%
1960 74,941 30.0%
1970 79,425 6.0%
1980 88,243 11.1%
1990 102,637 16.3%
2000 104,646 2.0%
2010 107,456 2.7%
2020 (est.) 107,033 −0.4%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

2020 census

Sumter County Racial Composition
Race Num. Perc.
White 46,442 44.0%
Black or African American 48,536 45.98%
Native American 338 0.32%
Asian 1,400 1.33%
Pacific Islander 87 0.08%
Other/Mixed 4,451 4.22%
Hispanic or Latino 4,302 4.08%

As of the 2020 United States Census, there were 105,556 people, 44,105 households, and 29,777 families residing in the county.

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 107,456 people, 40,398 households, and 28,311 families residing in the county. The population density was 161.6 inhabitants per square mile (62.4/km2). There were 46,011 housing units at an average density of 69.2 per square mile (26.7/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 48.2% white, 46.9% black or African American, 1.1% Asian, 0.4% American Indian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 1.4% from other races, and 1.9% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 3.3% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 7.2% were Subsaharan African, 6.9% were American, 6.1% were English, 5.9% were German, and 5.7% were Irish.

Of the 40,398 households, 36.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.6% were married couples living together, 20.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.9% were non-families, and 25.8% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.11. The median age was 35.4 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $39,137 and the median income for a family was $45,460. Males had a median income of $36,101 versus $28,421 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,944. About 15.5% of families and 19.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.1% of those under age 18 and 14.7% of those age 65 or over.




Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

Notable people

  • Ray Allen, professional NBA basketball player is from Dalzell. 2× NBA champion. 10× All-Star.
  • Confederate Lt. Gen. Richard H. Anderson of the American Civil War.
  • Joseph (Jusef Ben Ali) Benenhaley (1753-1823) was the progenitor of the Turkish Community of Sumter County, a singular people-of-color ethnic group living mostly in Dalzell in the 1900s & with worship centered at Long Branch Baptist Church since 1904 & burials in its cemetery.
  • Mary McLeod Bethune (1875-1955), civil rights activist, feminist, stateswoman, educator, founder of the National Council for Negro Women, born to parents who had been enslaved
  • David DuBose Gaillard of Fulton Crossroads was in charge of the building of the central portion of the Panama Canal.
  • Angelica Singleton Van Buren, U. S. president's daughter-in-law and from Wedgefield.
  • Richard Irvine Manning I, 50th Governor of South Carolina.
  • Richard Irvine Manning III, 92nd Governor of South Carolina.
  • George L. Mabry, Jr., Congressional Medal of Honor recipient and highly decorated soldier of WWII; a Major General.
  • Sloman Moody, born in Horatio.
  • Bill Pinkney of The Drifters was born in Dalzell.
  • Ja Morant, professional basketball player, was the 2nd overall pick in the 2019 NBA draft by the Memphis Grizzlies.

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Condado de Sumter (Carolina del Sur) para niños

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