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José María Urvina
José María Urbina0001.jpg
President of Ecuador
In office
July 24, 1851 – October 15, 1856
Preceded by Diego Noboa
Succeeded by Francisco Robles
Personal details
Born (1808-03-19)19 March 1808
Quillon, Pillaro- Tungurahua, Ecuador
Died 4 September 1891(1891-09-04) (aged 83)
Guayaquil, Ecuador
Nationality Ecuadorian

José María Mariano Segundo de Urvina y Viteri (19 March 1808 – 4 September 1891) was President of Ecuador from 13 July 1851 to 16 October 1856. He was born in Quillan San Migelito (Pillaro-Tungurahua) on 19 March 1808.

Urvina died in Guayaquil on September 4, 1891 at 83 years of age. His son was Francisco Urbina Jado.

Education and career

Guayaquil montage
José María Urvina was Governor of Guayaquil

José María Urvina pursued his primary education in the village of his birth. He then attended the Navy School in Guayaquil.

He was generally known among his classmates from whom he obtained friendship and consideration.

His competence and courage in the naval combat of Punta de Mapelo rose him above other members of the group.

He was the aide-camp of Juan Jose Flores. In his career he demonstrated his suitability, reaching the degree of General of the Republic. He was one of the the most popular leaders of the 19th century, and one of the most discussed.

Political life

  • President of the Legislative Chamber
  • Congressman for the province of Guayas
  • Governor of Guayaquil
  • Chargé d'Affairs of Ecuador in Bogota
  • Supreme Chief from 17 July 1851 to 17 July 1852
  • Elaboration of the sixth National Constitution
  • President of Ecuador from 1852 to 1856
  • Abolishment of Indian and black slavery in Ecuador, on 25 September 1852

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