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Juncus xiphioides facts for kids

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Juncus xiphioides
Scientific classification

Juncus xiphioides is a species of rush known by the common name irisleaf rush.

It is native to the Southwestern United States, many areas of California, and in Baja California. It grows in wet areas in many habitat types.


Juncus xiphioides is a rhizomatous perennial herb producing erect stems to a maximum height between about 40 and 80 centimeters. It has wide leaf blades for a rush, often exceeding one centimeter in width at the base. The few straw-colored leaves reach up to 40 centimeters in length.

The large inflorescence has many clusters of up to 70 flowers each. The flower has very narrow green, red, or yellow-brown, lance-shaped tepals and six stamens with very small anthers. The fruit is a brown oblong capsule.


Juncus xiphioides is cultivated as an ornamental plant, for use in native plant and water gardens, and natural landscaping projects.

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