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Little Dunmow Priory facts for kids

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St Mary the Virgin's Church, Little Dunmow, Essex, England
Little Dunmow Parish Church
Priory-plan
Plan of the Priory
Priory-Model
Model of the Priory

Little Dunmow Priory in Little Dunmow was an Augustinian priory in Essex, England. The priory was founded as a church by Juga de Baynard in 1104, dedicated to the Blessed Virgin Mary and consecrated by Maurice, bishop of London. Juga was the widow of Ralph Baynard, baron of Little Dunmow, sheriff of Essex and builder of Baynard's Castle. Her son Geoffrey was sheriff of Yorkshire who, in 1097, beat William II, Count of Eu in a trial by battle. After her death (c.1106), and following her wishes and the advice of Anselm, bishop of Canterbury, Geoffrey populated Juga’s church with Augustinian canons. In 1110, Lady Juga’s grandson, and Geoffrey’s son, William de Baynard, fell from grace and lost his lands. Henry I gave those lands to Robert Fitz Richard, but Henry and his wife Matilda of Scotland confirmed the canons’ possessions in Little Dunmow. Robert’s wife Maud, the step-daughter of Matilda’s brother David I, gave more lands to the canons, establishing the priory in perpetuity.

Much of the history of Little Dunmow Priory was unremarkable, but in 1369, canon William de Stoke was arrested for counterfeiting the king's money.

Never large nor rich, Little Dunmow Priory, assessed at around £150, came under the Suppression of Religious Houses Act 1535 and was closed down. Its lands were given to Robert Radcliffe, 1st Earl of Sussex.

Although the monastic complex was destroyed, the lady chapel is still in use today as the parish church.

The plan of the priory was determined by excavation in 1913 - 1914.

Burials in the priory church

  • Robert Fitzwalter (died 9 December 1235), feudal baron of Little Dunmow, Essex
  • Walter of Bibbesworth (1235-1270) was an English knight and Anglo-Norman poet.
  • Walter Fitz Robert (c. 1124–1198), 2nd Lord of Little Dunmow, Essex
  • Aveline FitzJohn FitzGeoffrey, wife of Sir Walter de Burgh, Earl of Ulster
  • John FitzWalter, 2nd Baron FitzWalter

According to local legend, it is the resting place of Maid Marian.

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