Euclid (holding calipers), Greek mathematician, known as the "Father of Geometry"


Occupation  

Occupation type

Academic 
Description  
Competencies  Mathematics, analytical skills and critical thinking skills 
Education required

Doctoral degree, occasionally master's degree 
Fields of
employment 
universities, private corporations, financial industry, government 
Related jobs

statistician, actuary 
A mathematician is someone who studies mathematics, either as a hobby or as a job. Many mathematicians are math professors at universities. Euclid, Ramanujan, Sir Isaac Newton are some of the most famous early mathematicians.
Mathematics is concerned with numbers, data, quantity, structure, space, models, and change.
Contents
Activities
Applied mathematics
Mathematicians involved with solving problems with applications in real life are called applied mathematicians. Applied mathematicians are mathematical scientists who, with their specialized knowledge and professional methodology, approach many of the imposing problems presented in related scientific fields. With professional focus on a wide variety of problems, theoretical systems, and localized constructs, applied mathematicians work regularly in the study and formulation of mathematical models. Mathematicians and applied mathematicians are considered to be two of the STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) careers.
The discipline of applied mathematics concerns itself with mathematical methods that are typically used in science, engineering, business, and industry; thus, "applied mathematics" is a mathematical science with specialized knowledge. The term "applied mathematics" also describes the professional specialty in which mathematicians work on problems, often concrete but sometimes abstract. As professionals focused on problem solving, applied mathematicians look into the formulation, study, and use of mathematical models in science, engineering, business, and other areas of mathematical practice.
Abstract mathematics
Pure mathematics is mathematics that studies entirely abstract concepts. From the eighteenth century onwards, this was a recognized category of mathematical activity, sometimes characterized as speculative mathematics, and at variance with the trend towards meeting the needs of navigation, astronomy, physics, economics, engineering, and other applications.
Another insightful view put forth is that pure mathematics is not necessarily applied mathematics: it is possible to study abstract entities with respect to their intrinsic nature, and not be concerned with how they manifest in the real world. Even though the pure and applied viewpoints are distinct philosophical positions, in practice there is much overlap in the activity of pure and applied mathematicians.
To develop accurate models for describing the real world, many applied mathematicians draw on tools and techniques that are often considered to be "pure" mathematics. On the other hand, many pure mathematicians draw on natural and social phenomena as inspiration for their abstract research.
Mathematics teaching
Many professional mathematicians also engage in the teaching of mathematics. Duties may include:
 teaching university mathematics courses;
 supervising undergraduate and graduate research; and
 serving on academic committees.
Consulting
Many careers in mathematics outside of universities involve consulting. For instance, actuaries assemble and analyze data to estimate the probability and likely cost of the occurrence of an event such as death, sickness, injury, disability, or loss of property. Actuaries also address financial questions, including those involving the level of pension contributions required to produce a certain retirement income and the way in which a company should invest resources to maximize its return on investments in light of potential risk. Using their broad knowledge, actuaries help design and price insurance policies, pension plans, and other financial strategies in a manner which will help ensure that the plans are maintained on a sound financial basis.
As another example, mathematical finance will derive and extend the mathematical or numerical models without necessarily establishing a link to financial theory, taking observed market prices as input. Mathematical consistency is required, not compatibility with economic theory. Thus, for example, while a financial economist might study the structural reasons why a company may have a certain share price, a financial mathematician may take the share price as a given, and attempt to use stochastic calculus to obtain the corresponding value of derivatives of the stock.
Occupations
According to the Dictionary of Occupational Titles occupations in mathematics include the following.
 Mathematician
 OperationsResearch Analyst
 Mathematical Statistician
 Mathematical Technician
 Actuary
 Applied Statistician
 Weight Analyst
Mathematical societies and foundations
Acronyms  Name  Headquarters  Initiation 

AAS  Australian Academy of Science  Australia  1954 
Abertis  Fundación Abertis  Spain  1999 
ACM  Association for Computing Machinery Special Interest Group  1947  
AMS  American Mathematical Society  United States  1888 
ANCEFN  Academia Nacional de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales  Argentina  1874 
ANCYT  Academia Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología  Peru  
ANTS  Algorithmic Number Theory Symposium  Germany  1994 
APS  American Physical Society  United States  1889 
APSF  Alfred Pritchard Sloan Foundation  United States  1875 
ASA  American Statistical Association  United States  1839 
ASF  Académie des Sciences  France  1666 
ASL  Association for Symbolic Logic  United States  1936 
AWM  Association for Women in Mathematics  United States  1971 
ASME  American Society Of Mechanical Engineers  United States  1880 
AustMS  Australian Mathematical Society  Australia  1956 
BMG  Berliner Mathematischen Gesellschaft  Germany  1901 
BMS  Belgian Mathematical Society  Belgium  1921 
CIMAT  Centro de Investigación en Matemáticas, A.C.  Mexico  1980 
CMF  Fundación Chern  United States  2010 
CMI  Clay Mathematics Institute  United States  1998 
CMS  Canadian Mathematical Society  Canada  1945 
CNCA  Consejo Nacional de la Cultura y las Artes de Chile  Chile  2003 
CNRS  Centre national de la recherche scientifique  France  1939 
CONICIT  Consejo Nacional para Investigaciones Científicas y Tecnológicas  San Jose Costa Rica  1972 
CRM  Centre de Recherches Mathematiques  Canada  1968 
CSIC  Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas  Spain  1998 
DMV  Deutsche MathematikerVereinigung  Germany  1993 
ECM  European Congresses of Mathematics  Poland  1992 
ECCOMAS  European Community on Computational Methods in Applied Sciences and Engineering  Europe  1901 
EMS  European Mathematical Society  Germany  
EPFL  École polytechnique fédérale de Lausanne  Switzerland  
ERC,CEI  European Research Council  Europe  2002 
ESF  Fundación Europea de la Ciencia  Europe  
ETHZ  Eidgenossische Technische HochschuleZurich  Switzerland  
FBBVA  Fundación BBVA  Spain  
FCFM  Facultad de Ciencias Físicas y Matemáticas, Universidad de Chile  Chile  1840 
FCRI  Fundació Catalana per a la Recerca i la Innovació  Spain  
FPA  Fundación Príncipe de Asturias  Spain  1980 
FSK  Fundación Sofía Kovalévskaia  Mexico  1942 
GAMNI  Groupe pour l’Avancement des Méthodes Numériques de l’Ingénieur  France  1992 
GenCat  Generalitat de Catalunya  Spain  
HAS  Hungarian Academy of Sciences  Hungary  1825 
IAMP  International Association of Mathematical Physics  Europe  1976 
ICA  Institute Of Combinatorics And Its Applications  Canada  1990 
ICMAT  Instituto de Ciencias Matemáticas  Spain  2008 
ICHM  International Commission on the History of Mathematics  United States  1971 
ICIAM  International Council for Industrial and Applied Mathematics  United States  1987 
ICM  International Congress of Mathematicians  
ICMI  International Commission on Mathematical Instruction  1897  
ICTCM  International Conference on Technology in Collegiate Mathematics  
ICTP  Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics  Italy  1964 
IEC  Institvt d'Estvdis Catalans  Spain  1907 
IEEECS  IEEE Computer Society  United States  1946 
IMA  Institute of Mathematics and its Applications  England  1964 
IMAFF  Instituto de Matemáticas y Física Fundamental  Spain  
IMT  Institut de Mathématiques de Toulouse  France  1887 
IMU  International Mathematical Union  Germany  1920 
INFORMS  Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences  United States  
ISDE  International Society of Difference Equations  
Konex  Fundación Konex  Argentina  1980 
KVA  Swedish Royal Academies  Sweden  1739 
LMS  London Mathematical Society  England  1865 
MAA  Mathematical Association of America  United States  1915 
MEC  Ministerio de Educación y Ciencia de Spain  Spain  
MFO  Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach  Germany  1944 
MICIT  Ministerio de Ciencia y Tecnología  San José Costa Rica  
MOS  Mathematical Optimization Society  1973  
MSJ  Mathematical Society of Japan  Japan  1946 
NAS  National Academy of Sciences  United States  1974 
NFT  Number Theory Foundation  United States  
NUST  National University of Sciences and Technology  Pakistan  1991 
ÖMG  Österreichische Mathematische Gesellschaft  Austria  1903 
PIMS  Pacific Institute for the Mathematical Sciences  Canada  1996 
RAS  Russian Academy of Sciences  Russia  1724 
RSC  Royal Society of Canada  Canada  1882 
RSL  Royal Society of London  England  1660 
RSME  Real Sociedad Matemática Española  Spain  
RSS  Royal Statistical Society  England  1834 
SASTRA  Shanmugha Arts, Science, Technology & Research Academy  India  1984 
SCM  Societat Catalana de Matemàtiques  Spain  1998 
SEMA  Sociedad Española de Matemática Aplicada  Spain  1991 
SEP  Secretaría de educación pública  Mexico  
SIAG  SIAM Activity Group  United States  
SIAM  Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics  United States  1951 
SIMAI  Società Italiana di Matematica Applicata e Industriale  Italy  1989 
SMAI  Lisez maintenant Société de mathématiques appliquées et industrielles  France  1983 
SMF  Société Mathématique de France  France  1872 
SMM  Sociedad Matemática Mexicana  Mexico  1943 
SPB  Saint Petersburg Mathematical Society  Russia  1890 
UMALCA  Unión Matemática de América Latina y el Caribe  Latin America  1995 
UMI  Unione Matematica Italiana  Italy  1922 
WFNMC  World Federation of National Mathematics Competitions  1984 