Mating facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Yellow striped hunter mating
Dragonflies (Austrogomphus guerini) mating

Mating is the pairing of opposite-sex or hermaphroditic organisms, usually for the purposes of sexual reproduction. Some definitions limit the term to pairing between animals, while other definitions extend the term to mating in plants and fungi.

Fertilization is the fusion of gametes. Copulation is the union of the sex organs of two sexually reproducing animals for internal fertilization.

Mating may also lead to external fertilization, as seen in amphibians, fishes and plants. For most species, mating is between two individuals of opposite sexes.

For some hermaphroditic species, copulation is not needed because the parent organism can self-fertilize (autogamy). In some flowering plants self-pollination can happen within the same flower, and some hermaphrodite animals self-fertilize. Many gastropods are hermaphrodite, and do simultaneous copulation. So do earthworms.

In some birds, mating includes behaviors such as nest-building and feeding offspring. The human practice of mating and artificial insemination of domesticated animals is part of animal husbandry.


Mating Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.