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Maxillopoda facts for kids

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Maxillopoda
Temporal range: Cambrian to Recent
Cyclops.jpg
Cyclops (Copepoda: Cyclopoida)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
(unranked): Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Crustacea
Class: Maxillopoda
Dahl, 1956 
Sub-classes
  • Thecostraca incl. Cirripedia (barnacles)
  • Tantulocarida
  • Branchiura
  • Pentastomida
  • Mystacocarida
  • Copepoda

Maxillopoda is a diverse class of crustaceans which includes the barnacles, copepods and a number of related animals.

It does not appear to be a monophyletic group, and no single character unites all the members.

Description

With the exception of some barnacles, maxillopodans are mostly small, including the smallest known arthropod, Stygotantulus stocki. They often have short bodies, with the abdomen reduced in size, and generally lacking any appendages  This may have arisen through paedomorphosis.

Apart from barnacles, which use their legs for filter feeding, most maxillopodans feed with their maxillae. Their bodyplan has 5 head segments, 6 thoracic segments and 4 abdominal segments, followed by a telson (tailpiece).

Fossil record

The fossil record of the group extends back into the Cambrian, with fossils of barnacles and tongue worms known from that period.

Classification

Six subclasses are generally recognised, although many works have included the ostracods among the Maxillopoda. Of the six groups, only Mystacocarida are entirely free-living; all the members of the Tantulocarida, Pentastomida and Branchiura are parasitic, and many of the Copepoda and Thecostraca are parasites.

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