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Middle Branch Reservoir
Middle Branch Reservoir.jpg
Middle Branch Reservoir is located in New York
Middle Branch Reservoir
Middle Branch Reservoir
Location in New York
Location Town of Southeast, Putnam County, New York
Coordinates 41°23′24″N 073°38′55″W / 41.39000°N 73.64861°W / 41.39000; -73.64861
Type reservoir
Primary inflows Middle Branch Croton River
Primary outflows Middle Branch Croton River
Catchment area 21 sq mi (54 km2)
Basin countries United States
Surface area 400 acres (160 ha)

Middle Branch Reservoir is a reservoir in the New York City water supply system located in the Town of Southeast in Putnam County, 35 miles (65 km) north of the city. Created in 1878 by damming the Middle Branch of the Croton River, it is one of twelve in the Croton Watershed.

Middle Branch covers 400 acres (1.6 km²), with an average depth of 31 feet (9.4 m), although some areas in the reservoir's southern extent reach 50 feet (15 m). It drains an area of 21 square miles (55 km²) reaching into Dutchess County. At full capacity, it holds 4.1 billion gallons (6.4 million m³).

Map of the Croton River watershed showing Middle Branch Reservoir
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