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Mission Nuestra Señora del Rosario facts for kids

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Mission Nuestra Señora del Rosario
Mission Rosario Ruins.jpg
The ruins of Mission Nuestra Señora del Rosario
Affiliation Roman Catholic
Location Goliad County, Texas
Architectural style Spanish Colonial
Date established 1754
Site area 5 acres (2.0 ha)
Materials stone and mortar
U.S. National Register of Historic Places
Added to NRHP September 22, 1972
NRHP Reference no. 72001363

Mission Nuestra Señora del Rosario was established in November 1754 by Spanish Franciscan missionary Father Juan de Dios Camberos to bring Christianity to the indigenous Karankawa people. At its peak, the mission owned a herd of 5,000 cattle, but mismanagement, lack of administrative support and resistance from the Karankawa led to the gradual decline of the mission.

At the mission, the Karankawa were expected to adhere to a schedule of religious instruction, technical education and manual labor, however, few Karankawa would abandon their religion and culture and left the mission.

The architectural details of Mission Rosario are lost, but archaeologists believe the building consisted of a chapel, sacristy, bell tower and residence. Soldiers from nearby Presidio La Bahía most likely guarded the mission to protect it from threats.

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