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Goliad County, Texas facts for kids

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Goliad County
The Goliad County Courthouse in Goliad. The courthouse and the surrounding square were added to the National Register of Historic Places on June 29, 1976.
The Goliad County Courthouse in Goliad. The courthouse and the surrounding square were added to the National Register of Historic Places on June 29, 1976.
Map of Texas highlighting Goliad County
Location within the U.S. state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 610: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value).
Country  United States
State  Texas
Founded 1837
Named for Miguel Hidalgo
Seat Goliad
Largest city Goliad
 • Total 859 sq mi (2,220 km2)
 • Land 852 sq mi (2,210 km2)
 • Water 7.4 sq mi (19 km2)  0.9%%
 • Total 7,210
 • Density 8.5/sq mi (3.3/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district 34th

Goliad County ( GOH-lee-ad) is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, the population is 7,210. Its county seat is Goliad. The county is named for Father Miguel Hidalgo; "Goliad" is an anagram , minus the silent H. The county was created in 1836 and organized the next year.

Goliad County is a part of the Victoria, TX Metropolitan Statistical Area.


The first declaration of independence for the Republic of Texas was signed in Goliad on December 20, 1835, although the formal declaration was made by the Convention of 1836 at Washington-on-the-Brazos. Goliad County was the site of two battles in the Texas Revolution. The Battle of Goliad was a minor skirmish early in the war. However the subsequent battle of Coleto was an important battle that culminated on March 27, 1836. Col. James Fannin and his Texan soldiers were executed by the Mexican army, under orders from Gen. Antonio López de Santa Anna, in what became known as the Goliad Massacre. This event led to the Texas Revolutionary battle cry "Remember the Alamo! Remember Goliad!" Although many remember the Alamo today, fewer remember Goliad. The site of the massacre is located near Presidio la Bahia, just south of the town of Goliad.

In 1874, Juan Moya, a prominent Tejano landowner and Mexican army captain who fought in the Texas Revolution, was lynched, along with his two sons, by a mob who suspected them of murdering a neighboring family in Goliad County.

Goliad County is also the birthplace of General Ignacio Zaragoza, who led the Mexican army against the invading forces of Napoleon III in the Battle of Puebla on May 5, 1862 ("Cinco de Mayo").


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 859 square miles (2,220 km2), of which 852 square miles (2,210 km2) is land and 7.4 square miles (19 km2) (0.9%) is water.

Major Highways

  • US 59.svg U.S. Highway 59
    • I-69W.svg The future route of Interstate 69W is planned to follow the current route of U.S. 59 in most places.
  • US 183.svg U.S. Highway 77 Alternate/U.S. Highway 183
  • Texas 119.svg State Highway 119
  • Texas 239.svg State Highway 239
  • Texas FM 81.svg Farm to Market Road 81
  • Texas FM 622.svg Farm to Market Road 622
  • Texas FM 833.svg Farm to Market Road 833

Adjacent counties


Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 648
1860 3,384 422.2%
1870 3,628 7.2%
1880 5,832 60.7%
1890 5,910 1.3%
1900 8,310 40.6%
1910 9,909 19.2%
1920 9,348 −5.7%
1930 10,093 8.0%
1940 8,798 −12.8%
1950 6,219 −29.3%
1960 5,429 −12.7%
1970 4,869 −10.3%
1980 5,193 6.7%
1990 5,980 15.2%
2000 6,928 15.9%
2010 7,210 4.1%
2015 (est.) 7,531 4.5%
U.S. Decennial Census
1850–2010 2010–2014

As of the census of 2000, there were 6,928 people, 2,644 households, and 1,975 families residing in the county. The population density was 8 people per square mile (3/km²). There were 3,426 housing units at an average density of 4 per square mile (2/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 82.62% White, 4.82% Black or African American, 0.55% Native American, 0.22% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 10.05% from other races, and 1.73% from two or more races. 35.20% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 2,644 households out of which 33.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.10% were married couples living together, 8.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.30% were non-families. 22.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.02.

In the county, the population was spread out with 25.90% under the age of 18, 6.50% from 18 to 24, 25.00% from 25 to 44, 25.20% from 45 to 64, and 17.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 98.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $34,201, and the median income for a family was $40,446. Males had a median income of $30,954 versus $20,028 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,126. About 11.90% of families and 16.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.70% of those under age 18 and 11.10% of those age 65 or over.



Unincorporated communities

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