Republic of Texas facts for kids

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Republic of Texas
República de Tejas  (Spanish)

1836–1846
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Seal
(1839–1845)
Motto: 
”Remember the Alamo”
Anthem: 
"Will you come to the Bower"

March: 
"The Texian Grand March"
Map of the Republic of Texas. The disputed area is in light green, while the Republic is in dark green.
Map of the Republic of Texas. The disputed area is in light green, while the Republic is in dark green.
Capital
  • San Antonio de Bexar (Mexican Texas)
  • San Felipe de Austin (1835, provisional)
  • Washington-on-the-Brazos (1836, interim)
  • Harrisburg (1836, interim)
  • Galveston (1836, interim)
  • Velasco (1836, interim)
  • Columbia (1836–1837)
  • Houston (1837–1839)
  • Austin (1839–1846)
Common languages

English and Spanish (de facto)

French and German
Native languages (Caddo, Comanche) and Portuguese regionally
Government Unitary Presidential Constitutional republic
President1  
• 1836
David G. Burnet
• 1836–38
Sam Houston, 1st term
• 1838–41
Mirabeau B. Lamar
• 1841–44
Sam Houston, 2nd term
• 1844–46
Anson Jones
Vice President1  
• 1836
Lorenzo de Zavala
• 1836–38
Mirabeau B. Lamar
• 1838–41
David G. Burnet
• 1841–44
Edward Burleson
• 1844–45
Kenneth L. Anderson
Legislature Congress
• Upper house
Senate
• Lower house
House of Representatives
Historical era Western Expansion
• Independence from Mexico
March 2, 1836
• Annexation by the United States of America
December 29, 1845
• Transfer of power
February 19, 1846
Area
1840 1,007,935 km2 (389,166 sq mi)
Population
• 1840
70,000
Currency Republic of Texas Dollar
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Coahuila y Tejas
First Mexican Republic
Louisiana
Texas
New Mexico Territory
Utah Territory
Indian Territory
Second Federal Republic of Mexico
Cimarron Territory
Kansas Territory
Today part of  United States
1Interim period (March 16 – October 22, 1836): President: David G. Burnet, Vice President Lorenzo de Zavala

The Republic of Texas was a sovereign state in North America between the United States and Mexico that existed from 1836 to 1845. It was started on March 2 1836, when the people living in Texas declared themselves independent from Mexico. The Mexican army led by Santa Anna marched into Texas and attacked the new country. However the Mexican army was defeated and Santa Anna was captured at a battle near the site of Houston. The new republic did not have an easy time. It did not have a proper government, or any money. Its borders were often raided by Mexico, and there was fighting between the settlers and the Native Americans. The US government did not recognize the Republic of Texas.

In 1841, Santa Anna again became president of Mexico and the border attacks increased. By this time, thousands of new settlers had moved into Texas, and people in the US supported the people of Texas. The idea of Texas becoming part of the US became popular.

The Republic of Texas ended on December 29, 1845, when Texas became the 28th state of the United States of America.

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