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Monroeville, Alabama facts for kids

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Monroeville, Alabama
Historic buildings in Downtown Monroeville
Historic buildings in Downtown Monroeville
Nickname(s): 
The Literary Capital of Alabama
Motto(s): 
"Moving the Past Forward"
Location of Monroeville in Monroe County, Alabama.
Location of Monroeville in Monroe County, Alabama.
Coordinates: 31°31′5″N 87°19′39″W / 31.51806°N 87.32750°W / 31.51806; -87.32750
Country United States
State Alabama
County Monroe
Area
 • Total 13.36 sq mi (34.61 km2)
 • Land 13.35 sq mi (34.59 km2)
 • Water 0.01 sq mi (0.02 km2)
Elevation
413 ft (126 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 5,951
 • Density 445.63/sq mi (172.06/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP codes
36460–36462
Area codes 251 Exchanges: 575,743
FIPS code 01-50192
GNIS feature ID 0152359

Monroeville is the county seat of Monroe County, Alabama. At the 2010 census its population was 6,519.

Monroeville is known as the hometown of two prominent writers of the post-World War II period, Truman Capote and Harper Lee, who were childhood friends in the 1930s. Lee's 1960 novel, To Kill a Mockingbird, earned her the Pulitzer Prize. The lasting fame of To Kill a Mockingbird became a tourist draw for the town. In 1997, the Alabama Legislature designated Monroeville and Monroe County as the "Literary Capital of Alabama." Monroeville is also the site of the acclaimed 2014 novel and 2019 movie, Just Mercy.

History

The town was initially known as Walker's Mill and Store, named for Major Walker, the area's first white settler. In 1832, the county seat was relocated to Monroeville from Claiborne on the Alabama River. The settlement was briefly renamed "Centerville" due to its location in the center of the county, but then it was formally changed to Monroeville. The town was not formally incorporated until April 15, 1899.

Geography

Monroeville is located at 31°31′5″N 87°19′39″W / 31.51806°N 87.32750°W / 31.51806; -87.32750 (31.518075, -87.327543).

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 13.4 square miles (34.7 km2), of which 13.4 square miles (34.6 km2) is land and 0.0077 square miles (0.02 km2), or 0.05%, is water.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 122
1900 422
1910 616 46.0%
1920 1,017 65.1%
1930 1,355 33.2%
1940 1,724 27.2%
1950 2,772 60.8%
1960 3,632 31.0%
1970 4,846 33.4%
1980 5,674 17.1%
1990 6,993 23.2%
2000 6,862 −1.9%
2010 6,519 −5.0%
2020 5,951 −8.7%
U.S. Decennial Census
2013 Estimate

At the 2000 census there were 6,862 people, 2,687 households, and 1,870 families living in the city. The population density was 525.8 people per square mile (203.0/km2). There were 3,016 housing units at an average density of 231.1 per square mile (89.2/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 53.09% White, 44.84% Black or African American, 0.38% Native American, 0.58% Asian, 0.15% from other races, and 0.96% from two or more races. 0.90% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. Of the 2,687 households 34.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.0% were married couples living together, 18.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.4% were non-families. 28.0% of households were one person and 11.7% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.04.

The age distribution was 27.7% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 24.6% from 25 to 44, 22.2% from 45 to 64, and 16.6% 65 or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 82.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 76.4 males.

The median household income was $28,229 and the median family income was $36,476. Males had a median income of $35,600 versus $20,184 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,070. About 20.4% of families and 23.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.0% of those under age 18 and 19.2% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

At the 2010 census there were 6,519 people, 2,656 households, and 1,723 families living in the city. The population density was 488 people per square mile (188.4/km2). There were 3,056 housing units at an average density of 228.1 per square mile (88.3/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 55.7% White, 42.1% Black or African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.3% from other races, and 1.2% from two or more races. 0.8% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. Of the 2,656 households 28.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.8% were married couples living together, 21.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.1% were non-families. 30.5% of households were one person and 12.9% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.95.

The age distribution was 24.6% under the age of 18, 9.4% from 18 to 24, 21.8% from 25 to 44, 26.2% from 45 to 64, and 18.0% 65 or older. The median age was 40.2 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.5 males.

The median household income was $31,593 and the median family income was $49,548. Males had a median income of $41,324 versus $31,033 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,553. About 23.3% of families and 27.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 37.3% of those under age 18 and 19.0% of those age 65 or over today.

Education

Monroeville is home to Coastal Alabama Community College, a state-supported, fully accredited, comprehensive two-year college serving southwest Alabama with its main campuses in Monroeville and Thomasville.

Notable people

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