kids encyclopedia robot

Nelder (tree) facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
The largest tree in Fresno Grove, (79 feet circum.) Fresno Co, by Soule, John P., 1827-1904
Nelder Tree (Photograph by John P. Soule, 1870)

Nelder is a giant sequoia located within the Nelder Grove of Sequoia National Forest in California. It is the largest tree in Nelder Grove, the 23rd largest giant sequoia in the world, and could be considered the 22nd largest depending on how badly Ishi Giant atrophied during the Rough Fire in 2015.

Description

Nelder is located 1,050 ft (320 m) northwest of a hairpin turn along "Graveyard of the Giants Trail" at the end of an unofficial branching trail. The base of the tree, much like the surrounding trees, was charred during the 2017 Railroad Fire.

History

On July 3, 1859, naturalist Galen Clark, Judge John W. Fitzhugh, and journalist L.A. Holmes discovered the tree while on a hunting expedition in the area. In 1875, prospector-turned-hermit John A. Nelder built a cabin near the tree, which he considered to be the largest in the world. Nelder met naturalist John Muir later that same year, but when Muir measured the tree, he determined it to be smaller than the Grizzly Giant tree of Mariposa Grove. Nelder's tree, though narrower, was later found to be taller and more voluminous than the Grizzly Giant, making it the second largest giant sequoia in the region after the Washington tree of Mariposa Grove.

Dimensions

Height above base 266.2 ft 81.1 m
Circumference at ground 90 ft 27.4 m
Estimated bole volume 34,993 cu ft 991 m3
Black History Month on Kiddle
Famous African-American Artists:
Emma Amos
Edward Mitchell Bannister
Larry D. Alexander
Ernie Barnes
kids search engine
Nelder (tree) Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.