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North Kilkenny (UK Parliament constituency) facts for kids

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North Kilkenny was a parliamentary constituency in Ireland, represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It returned one Member of Parliament (MP) from 1885 to 1922.

Boundaries and Boundary Changes

This constituency comprised the northern part of County Kilkenny.

Prior to the 1885 general election the area was part of the Kilkenny County constituency.

The constituency ceased to be entitled to be represented in the UK House of Commons on the dissolution of 26 October 1922, shortly before the Irish Free State came into legal existence on 6 December 1922.

First Dáil

The constituency was, in Irish republican theory, entitled to return one Teachta Dála (known in English as a Deputy) in 1918 to serve in the Irish Republic's First Dáil. Sinn Féin used the UK general election in 1918 to elect the Dáil. The revolutionary body assembled on 21 January 1919. The list of members read out on that day included everyone elected in Ireland. Only the Sinn Féin Deputies participated in the Dáil, but the other Irish MPs could have done so if they had chosen to adhere to the Republic.

The First Dáil, passed a motion at its last meeting on 10 May 1921, the first three parts of which make explicit the republican view.

  1. That the Parliamentary elections which are to take place during the present month be regarded as elections to Dáil Éireann.
  2. That all deputies duly returned at these elections be regarded as members of Dáil Éireann and allowed to take their seats on subscribing to the proposed Oath of Allegiance.
  3. That the present Dáil dissolve automatically as soon as the new body has been summoned by the President and called to order.

The Second Dáil first met on 16 August 1921, thereby dissolving the First Dáil.

Sinn Féin had decided to use the polls for the Northern Ireland House of Commons and the House of Commons of Southern Ireland as an election for the Irish Republic's Second Dáil. No actual voting was necessary in Southern Ireland as all the seats were filled by unopposed returns. Except for Dublin University all other constituencies elected Sinn Féin TDs. As with the First Dáil, the other Deputies could have joined the Dáil if they chose.

From the Third Dáil onwards the Dáil represented only the twenty-six counties which formed the Irish Free State.

In the 2nd and 3rd Dála Kilkenny North formed part of the Carlow–Kilkenny constituency.


General Election 1885: Kilkenny North
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
[[Irish Parliamentary Party|Template:Irish Parliamentary Party/meta/shortname]] Edward Purcell Mulhallen Marum 4,084 96 N/A
Conservative Hon. C. B. Bellew 174 4 N/A
Majority 3,910 92 N/A
Turnout 4,258 N/A
[[Irish Parliamentary Party|Template:Irish Parliamentary Party/meta/shortname]] hold Swing N/A

Edward Purcell Mulhallen Marum was re-elected unopposed in the General Election 1886.

1890 by-election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
[[Irish National Federation|Template:Irish National Federation/meta/shortname]] Sir John Pope-Hennessy 2,527 64.9 N/A
[[Irish Parliamentary Party|Template:Irish Parliamentary Party/meta/shortname]] Vincent Scully 1,365 35.1 N/A
Majority 1,162 29,8 N/A
Turnout 3,892 N/A
[[Irish National Federation|Template:Irish National Federation/meta/shortname]] gain from [[Irish Parliamentary Party|Template:Irish Parliamentary Party/meta/shortname]] Swing N/A

Sir John Pope-Hennessy died in early October 1891, and fellow Irish National Federation party-member Patrick McDermott was elected unopposed in a by-election 29 October 1891

General election 1892
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
[[Irish National Federation|Template:Irish National Federation/meta/shortname]] Patrick McDermott 2,898 90.2 N/A
Conservative W. M. Kavanagh 314 9.8 N/A
Majority 2,584 80 N/A
Turnout 3,212 N/A
[[Irish National Federation|Template:Irish National Federation/meta/shortname]] hold Swing N/A

McDermott was re-elected unopposed in the 1895 and 1900 general elections.

In 1918 the constituency used the first past the post system. In 1918 the electorate included all men, who were qualified to vote, if they had attained the age of 21. Female electors had to be at least 30 and meet property qualifications to acquire the franchise.

  • 1918 general election (1 seat); polling 14 December, result declared 28 December
  • 16,113 electors
  • William Thomas Cosgrave (SF): Unopposed
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