North Vietnam facts for kids

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Democratic Republic of Vietnam

Việt Nam Dân chủ Cộng hòa
1945–1976
Flag of North Vietnam
Flag
(1955–1975)
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Emblem
Motto: "Độc lập – Tự do – Hạnh phúc"
(English: "Independence – Freedom – Happiness")
Anthem: "Tiến Quân Ca"
(English: "Army March")
North Vietnam in Southeast Asia during Cold War
North Vietnam in Southeast Asia during Cold War
Capital Hanoi
Common languages Vietnamese (official)
Government Unitary Marxist–Leninist one-party socialist republic
Party Chairman
First Secretary
 
• 1945–1956
Trường Chinh
• 1956–1960
Hồ Chí Minh
• 1960–1976
Lê Duẩn
President  
• 1945–1969
Hồ Chí Minh
• 1969–1976
Tôn Đức Thắng
Prime Minister  
• 1945–1955
Hồ Chí Minh
• 1955–1976
Phạm Văn Đồng
Historical era Cold War · Vietnam War
• Self declaration of Democratic Republic of Vietnam
2 September 1945
• Established
1945
• 1954 Geneva Conference
26 April – 20 July 1954
• The liberation of Saigon
30 April 1975
2 July 1976
Area
1960 157,880 km2 (60,960 sq mi)
1974 157,880 km2 (60,960 sq mi)
Population
• 1960
15,916,955
• 1974
23,767,300
Currency đồng
cash (until 1948)
Preceded by
Succeeded by
French Indochina
Empire of Vietnam
Socialist Republic of Vietnam
Today part of  Vietnam

The Democratic Republic of Vietnam (DRVN), or less commonly, Vietnamese Democratic Republic (Vietnamese: Việt Nam Dân Chủ Cộng Hòa), also known as North Vietnam, is a former country that existed from 1945 until 1976. It was in the north of present-day Vietnam. It lay north of the local Demilitarized Zone, and South Vietnam lay to the south of it.

It was proclaimed by President Hồ Chí Minh in Hà Nội on September 2, 1945. It was the first socialist country in Southeast Asia. However, it was not recognised by China and the Soviet Union until 1950. North Vietnam took part in the Vietnam War.

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