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Northern pearly-eye
Northern Pearly-eye, dorsal, Larose Forest.jpg
Dorsal view
Northern Pearly-eye, Megan McCarty111.jpg
Ventral view
Conservation status

Secure (NatureServe)
Scientific classification
Kingdom:
Phylum:
Class:
Order:
Family:
Genus:
Enodia
Species:
E. anthedon
Binomial name
Enodia anthedon
Synonyms
  • Lethe anthedon A. Clark, 1936

Enodia anthedon, the northern pearly-eye, is a butterfly species of the subfamily Satyrinae that occurs in North America, where it is found from central Saskatchewan and eastern Nebraska east to Nova Scotia, south to central Alabama and Mississippi.

Northern Pearly Eye, Side, Beltsville, MD 2013-10-25-10.28.43 ZS PMax
Larva

The wingspan is 1 1/2 to 2 1/2 inches (43–67 mm.) The upperside is brown with dark eyespots and the underside is brown. Adults feed on dung, fungi, carrion and sap from willows, poplars, and birches.

The larvae feed on various grasses, including Leersia virginica, Erianthus species, Muhlenbergia species, bearded shortgrass (Brachyelytrum erectum), Uniola latifolia, bottlebrush grass (Hystrix patula), and false melic grass (Schizachne purpurascens). The host plants of a northern population include sedges (Carex species).

The species overwinters in the larval stage.

For more references, go to Lethe anthedon at Wikipedia. (Lethe = the current genus name.)

Subspecies

  • Enodia anthedon anthedon
  • Enodia anthedon borealis Clark, 1936 (Manitoba, Ontario, Quebec, Maine)

Similar species

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