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Oil City, Louisiana
Town of Oil City
Oil City Municipal Complex
Oil City Municipal Complex
Location of Oil City in Caddo Parish, Louisiana.
Location of Oil City in Caddo Parish, Louisiana.
Location of Louisiana in the United States
Location of Louisiana in the United States
Country United States
State Louisiana
Parish Caddo
 • Total 1.85 sq mi (4.78 km2)
 • Land 1.78 sq mi (4.62 km2)
 • Water 0.06 sq mi (0.17 km2)
203 ft (62 m)
 • Total 1,008
 • Estimate 
 • Rank CD: 5th
 • Density 544.03/sq mi (210.11/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
Area code(s) 318
FIPS code 22-57590
Downtown Oil City, LA IMG 5215
Downtown Oil City
Trees City Office and Bank, Oil City, LA IMG 5211
The Trees City Office and Bank (built 1901) was relocated from the former boom town of Trees City, to Oil City, Louisiana, in 1983. It is included on the National Register of Historic Places.

Oil City is a town in Caddo Parish, Louisiana. The population was 1,008 at the time of the 2010 census. Oil City is located on Louisiana Highway 1, north of Caddo Lake. It is part of the ShreveportBossier City Metropolitan Statistical Area.


The park in Oil City is named for Earl Williamson, who served for 40 years on the Caddo Parish police jury (1933–1972 and again from 1979–1980 and as mayor of Vivian from 1938–1946 and again from 1962-1966.

Louisiana State Oil and Gas Museum, Oil City, LA IMG 5210
The Louisiana State Oil and Gas Museum was pushed to completion by the late State Representative Roy M. Hopkins of Oil City.

John Charles "Chip" Dickey, Jr., the mayor from 2005 until his death in office in 2016 at the age of sixty, pushed for economic ventures, including the community center and restaurants. He was also an ordained minister and led various youth camps. Dickey's father, John Charles Dickey, Sr., was the Oil City mayor from 1968 to 1976.


Oil City is located in northwestern Caddo Parish at 32°44′32″N 93°58′28″W / 32.74222°N 93.97444°W / 32.74222; -93.97444 (32.742170, -93.974376). Downtown Shreveport is 21 miles (34 km) to the southeast along Louisiana Highway 1, and Vivian is 9 miles (14 km) to the north.

According to the United States Census Bureau, Oil City has a total area of 1.85 square miles (4.78 km2), of which 1.78 square miles (4.62 km2) is land and 0.07 square miles (0.17 km2), or 3.45%, is water.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1950 422
1960 1,430 238.9%
1970 907 −36.6%
1980 1,323 45.9%
1990 1,282 −3.1%
2000 1,219 −4.9%
2010 1,008 −17.3%
2019 (est.) 970 −3.8%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2000, there were 1,219 people, 480 households, and 311 families residing in the town. The population density was 679.9 people per square mile (262.9/km2). There were 542 housing units at an average density of 302.3 per square mile (116.9/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 55.13% White, 44.05% African American, 0.08% Native American, and 0.74% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.72% of the population.

There were 480 households, out of which 34.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.5% were married couples living together, 21.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.2% were non-families. 33.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 16.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.27.

In the town, the population was spread out, with 32.2% under the age of 18, 10.4% from 18 to 24, 26.4% from 25 to 44, 18.1% from 45 to 64, and 12.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females, there were 83.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.2 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $19,375, and the median income for a family was $25,114. Males had a median income of $23,516 versus $15,667 for females. The per capita income for the town was $9,697. About 28.8% of families and 35.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 48.1% of those under age 18 and 28.4% of those age 65 or over.


The Louisiana State Oil and Gas Museum, located in Oil City, was prompted by the late State Representative Roy M. Hopkins.

"Christmas on Caddo", an outdoor Christmas festival, is held yearly at Earl Williamson Park in Oil City.

Notable people

  • Earl Holliman, Golden Globe-winning film and TV actor, lived in Oil City during his teenage years and graduated from Oil City High School in 1946
  • Roy McArthur "Hoppy" Hopkins (1943–2006) member of the Louisiana House of Representatives from 1988 until his death
  • Danny McCormick, member of the Louisiana House of Representatives
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