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Ontonagon Light
Ontonagon Lighthouse.jpg
Location Off MI 64, Ontonagon, Michigan
Coordinates 46°52′25″N 89°19′7″W / 46.87361°N 89.31861°W / 46.87361; -89.31861Coordinates: 46°52′25″N 89°19′7″W / 46.87361°N 89.31861°W / 46.87361; -89.31861
Year first constructed 1853
Year first lit 1853
Deactivated 1964
Foundation Natural/emplaced
Construction brick
Tower shape square
Markings / pattern yellow brick with black lantern
Height 34 feet (10 m)
Original lens 5th-order Fresnel lens
Current lens none
ARLHS number USA-569

The Ontonagon Light is a lighthouse located off M-64 near Ontonagon, Michigan. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1975 and designated a Michigan State Historic Site in 1973.

History

Ontonagonlighthouse

As Ontonagon became a more important Lake Superior port, it was realized that a navigational aid to shipping would be required. Thus, in 1847, funds were appropriated to purchase land on which to site a lighthouse, and in 1850 a further $5000 was appropriated to build the structure. Construction began in 1852 and was completed in 1853. The station was first lit with Lewis lamps, which were replaced in 1857 with a fifth-order Fresnel lens at a cost of $500.

However, by 1866, the original wooden lighthouse had badly deteriorated, and plans were made to replace it. A new brick structure was completed in 1867 by Detroit contractor W.F. Chittenden at a cost of $14000, and the lens was moved from the older wooden structure, which was then demolished. In 1889, an iron galley was installed around the light to make window-washing easier. In 1890, a kitchen addition to the keeper's quarters was constructed.

Use of the light was discontinued in 1963, and it was officially closed in January 1964. The building was leased to the last light keeper, and served as his family's private residence for a few years. The Fresnel lens and keepers' logs were given to the Ontonagon County Historical Society. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1975, and in 2003, ownership of the structure was transferred to the Ontonagon County Historical Society. The society undertook a complete restoration of the structure, and conducts tours for visitors.

Description

The Ontonagon light is a rectangular, 112-story cream-colored brick keeper's house on a stone foundation, integral with a three-story, 34-foot (10 m) tall tower. This design was used, with some variations, on a number of Michigan lighthouses, including the Bois Blanc Light, Copper Harbor Light, Grand Island North Light, Granite Island Lighthouse, Gull Rock Light Station, Huron Island Light, Marquette Harbor Light, and the Sand Point Light. The tower is topped with a polygonal iron beacon. A spiral stair within the tower provides access to the light, as well as to the basement and upper floor of the main dwelling. A single-story kitchen addition is attached opposite the tower. Three bays of windows are on each side of the structure, with double-hung six-over-six sash windows with stone lintels and sills on the first floor. The structures gable roof has a single hipped dormer on each side.

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