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Pandemonium (roller coaster) facts for kids

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Pandemonium at Fiesta Texas.jpg
Pandemonium at Fiesta Texas
Six Flags Over Texas
Park section Boomtown
Status Operating
Opening date May 17, 2008
Six Flags St. Louis
Park section Britania
Status Operating
Opening date April 21, 2007
Six Flags New England
Park section North End
Status Operating
Opening date April 16, 2005
Six Flags Fiesta Texas
Park section Fiesta Bay Boardwalk
Status Operating
Opening date March 10, 2007
Six Flags Discovery Kingdom
Status Relocated to the headquarters of Larson International and Roller Coaster Museum
Opening date May 23, 2008
Closing date 2012
Replaced by Superman: Ultimate Flight
General statistics
Type Steel – Spinning
Manufacturer Gerstlauer
Designer Werner Stengel
Lift/launch system Chain lift hill
Drop 27 ft (8.2 m)
Length 1,351 ft (412 m)
Speed 31 mph (50 km/h)
Height restriction 42 in (107 cm)
Cars Riders are seated 2 across, in 2 rows, for a total of 4 riders per car.
Flash Pass available
Single rider line available

Pandemonium is the name of four spinning roller coasters currently operating at four Six Flags amusement parks in the United States, those being Six Flags Over Texas, Six Flags St. Louis, Six Flags New England and Six Flags Fiesta Texas. A fifth installment of the ride also operated at Six Flags Discovery Kingdom from 2008 to 2012 until it was replaced by Superman: Ultimate Flight. Each of these steel coasters were designed and built by Gerstlauer, a German ride manufacturer, along with Werner Stengel. Since 2005, Six Flags has installed Pandemonium in five of its parks.

Its design consists of several cars holding four riders each. While the cars traverse the track, they spin around according to the angle of the track and the shifts in the riders' weight.


Pandemonium, Six Flags New England
New England's Pandemonium when it was known as "Mr. Six's Pandemonium"

The first installation of Pandemonium opened at Six Flags New England on April 16, 2005 and dubbed as Mr. Six's Pandemonium. The New England park went to a roller coaster manufacturer, Gerstlauer, to help bring a coaster to the park that all ages would be attracted to. Gerstlauer then introduced Six Flags with the manufacturer's latest development of the spinning roller coaster, which was developed in the early 2000s. In early 2005, Six Flags New England announced its plans for the upcoming season by adding two roller coasters to the park, including Mr. Six's Pandemonium, themed after the advertising character of the company. Without any notice, Six Flags New England removed the theming of Mr. Six on the roller coaster and operated it as Pandemonium for the start of the 2007 season.

In late 2006 and early 2007, both Six Flags Fiesta Texas and Six Flags St. Louis announced the addition of a new spinning coaster to their respective parks. Six Flags licensed with professional skateboarder, Tony Hawk, to help brand the company's newest two coasters after the success of the Boom Boom HuckJam, which toured many Six Flags parks in 2006. The ride was originally billed as the "Tony Hawk experience" and was designed to have the look and feel of a large red-and-black skatepark. It offered a full "extreme sports" experience, with monitors in the queue lines displaying highlights of the history of action sports and a large spinning Tony Hawk figure crowning the ride. In 2007, both parks equipped their two new coasters with CD ride technology that captures the guests' on-ride experience which is put on a DVD for a take home souvenir.

With the success of Tony Hawk's Big Spin, Six Flags announced in late 2007 that they would be adding two more to their parks. Six Flags Discovery Kingdom and Six Flags Over Texas both opened the next two installments in the spring of 2008.

In November 2010, Six Flags began the process of cancelling licensed intellectual property deals they had with various brands, including the agreement with Tony Hawk himself, as the company was emerging itself from bankruptcy at that time. Discovery Kingdom, Fiesta Texas, and Over Texas operated the coasters under Hawk's brand until January 2011, following the 2010 run of Holiday in the Park. Afterward, those three parks quickly dropped Hawk's name from the ride and any other memorabilia associated with him and operated their coaster as Big Spin for the remainder of the season. At the start of the new season in 2011, all four Tony Hawk's Big Spins were officially renamed to Pandemonium like their sister park at New England.

In late 2011, Six Flags announced that Superman: Ultimate Flight would be built at Discovery Kingdom, replacing their Pandemonium roller coaster. Pandemonium at Discovery Kingdom officially closed at the park on January 1, 2012. As Pandemonium was a relatively new coaster, Six Flags moved it to the headquarters of Larson International and Roller Coaster Museum, both located in Plainview, Texas, for storage. In mid 2012, Six Flags México announced The Joker for the 2013 season. Track of the stored Pandemonium moved from Texas to its new home in Mexico.


Big Spin (Six Flags Fiesta Texas)
Fiesta Texas's Pandemonium

According to the Gerstlauer website, the manufacturer has two different models of its spinning roller coaster collection, as well as one custom option for a park to fit its desires. The five Pandemoniums make up both of the two, the 400 and the 420. Each model has different statistics, so the Pandemoniums range in height from 52 feet (16 m) to 54 feet (16 m) with the same speed of 31 miles per hour (50 km/h). Discovery Kingdom was the only park to feature the 400 as the others were the 420 model. The 400 model, is shorter at 48 feet (15 m), more compact and had a lower capacity. The layout consists of several "segments" separated by brakes. The first segment comprises a swooping drop and climb into the second segment, which is a series of S-shaped turns. The third segment is a heavily banked figure-8; the fourth is a series of hills that form a semicircle; the fifth is a pair of small hills; and the sixth is a helix into the seventh segment; a long loop, which leads to a massive hill and finally into the brake run. For most of the ride, the cart is spinning around rapidly.

Six Flags Fiesta Texas and Six Flags St. Louis' versions of Pandemonium have a portion of its track above a half-pipe-themed structure, a remnant of the former skate park theming for when the rides were "Tony Hawk's Big Spin".


All rides were installed by Ride Entertainment Group, who handle all of Gerstlauer's operations in North America.

Name Park Area Model Opening date Status Refs
Pandemonium Six Flags New England North End Spinning Coaster Model 420 April 16, 2005 Operating
Pandemonium Six Flags Fiesta Texas Fiesta Bay Boardwalk Spinning Coaster Model 420 March 10, 2007 Operating
Pandemonium Six Flags St. Louis Britannia Spinning Coaster Model 420 April 21, 2007 Operating
Pandemonium Six Flags Over Texas Boomtown Spinning Coaster Model 420 May 17, 2008 Operating
Pandemonium Six Flags Discovery Kingdom Sky Spinning Coaster Model 380 May 23, 2008 Relocated
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